Current Affairs | National | International | SSC | UPSC - 4th October 2023

National News

1. PM Modi lauds J&K for achieving 100% villages ODF plus status

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi has lauded Jammu and Kashmir for achieving 100 percent villages Open Defecation Free (ODF) Plus status in the Model category under Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) phase-2. 
  • This is a monumental step in the journey towards a cleaner and healthier India. 
  • The Union Territory has attained new heights in development and growth after the abrogation of Article 370. The schemes implemented by the Central Government are now being seamlessly extended to the nook and corners of Jammu and Kashmir.

2. PM Modi launched 27 thousand crore rupee development projects 

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi has laid the foundation stone of development projects worth more than 26 thousand crore rupees in Jagdalpur, the divisional headquarters of tribal Bastar division in Chhattisgarh. 
  • Prime Minister also dedicated to the nation the NMDC’s greenfield Steel Plant established at Nagarnar in Bastar.
  • Built at a cost of about 24 thousand crores rupees, the integrated steel plant will produce highquality steel. This plant and its ancillary industries will generate employment opportunities for thousands of people. 
  • Prime Minister also laid the foundation stone for the upgradation of Jagdalpur Railway Station and also dedicated to the nation the new rail line between Antagarh and Taroki and the double rail line project between Jagdalpur and Dantewada.
  • The PM also flagged off the train service between Taroki and Raipur. These projects will improve rail connectivity in this tribal area and give impetus to the economic development of the area. 
  • Besides, the Prime Minister also dedicated to the nation the new road built between Kunkuri and Chhattisgarh-Jharkhand border on National Highway-45. 

About Chhattisgarh

  • Capital – Raipur 
  • Chief Minister – Bhupesh Baghel
  • Governor – Biswabhusan Harichandan PM Modi in News
  • PM Modi has launched a week-long program called “Sankalp Saptah” for aspirational blocks in New Delhi. 
  • PM inaugurated ‘International Lawyers’ Conference 2023’ in New Delhi
  • PM Modi laid foundation stone for Lord Shiva-themed Stadium in Varanasi, UP
  • PM Modi laid foundation of Sant Ravidas temple in Madhya Pradesh
  • PM Modi launched ‘Bhartiya Vastra Evam Shilp Kosh’ E-Portal 

3. Uber launches ‘Uber Sustainovate’ Startup Challenge’

  • Uber has introduced the ‘Uber Sustainovate’ Startup Challenge, a dynamic initiative to expedite the adoption of sustainable mobility in India.
  • In partnership with Startup India and NASSCOM AI, this competition seeks to reward startups with groundbreaking concepts that can accelerate the transition to sustainable transportation within the nation.
  • The competition, in partnership with Startup India and Nasscom AI, is designed to award startups that produce the best workable ideas to help accelerate the transition to sustainable mobility in the country. 
  • The winning startup would be awarded a grant of $120,000 (approximately Rs 1 crore), and the top 3 entries would be awarded mentorship sessions with the tech leadership of Uber in India in order to help them sharpen their skills and competencies.

4. Demand for caste census set to fuel Opposition campaign 

  • With the Bihar caste survey, the Opposition feels that it has been handed over a selfpropagating campaign for the 2024 election, especially after Prime Minister Narendra Modi said at a rally in Chhattisgarh that the biggest community in the country is the “poor”. 
  • It materially changes three things for the Opposition provides them with an agenda that resonates with a significant section of the population, confronts Mr. Modi’s carefully cultivated image of being pro-Other Backward Classes (OBC) reinvents caste-based politics in a way that will reinvigorate the parties born out of the Mandal movement.
  • “Bihar has shown the way. Now, whatever reasons the Narendra Modi government may list to avoid a caste census will not be acceptable to the public. And it can not be denied that there is a need to assess numerical strength and socio-economic status of caste groups,” RJD leader Shivanand Tiwari said. There will be demand from across the country in all States for a similar exercise, he asserted. 
  • The survey provides them with an agenda that resonates with a significant section of the population. 
  • Gandhi at the last meeting of the INDIA bloc in Mumbai had said that the Opposition must confront Mr. Modi’s image as a champion of OBC. Now, they have the perfect tool for it. 
  • “By refusing to hold a caste census, the BJP government is choosing to ignore the historical discrimsocio-economic impact on the OBC, clearly exposing its anti backward class character,” senior Congress leader Rajeev Gowda said. The survey once again highlights the caste cleavages that electorally were subdued by the BJP’s sustained campaign to unite all castes under the Hindutva umbrella.
  • “The fact that he is choosing to nullify caste as a factor and instead frame the equation as rich versus poor suits us. It is a battle for economic-social justice. When we are asking for a caste census, we are basically demanding the data to help for equitable distribution of the State’s resources,” JD(U) leader K.C. Tyagi said. 

5. Trudeau says Canada not trying to escalate diplomatic crisis 

  • On a day when a foreign media report said India had asked Canada to fly back 41 diplomats employed across India by October 10, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau on Tuesday asserted that Canada was not trying to “escalate” the diplomatic crisis with India, and described the current phase of relation with New Delhi as “extremely challenging. 
  • The Financial Times report citing sources indicated deepening tension between the two sides, days after the official spokesperson of the Ministry of External Affairs reminded Canada of “parity” in the presence of diplomats in each other’s missions. The report said Canada had 62 diplomats posted in India and South Block had urged Ottawa to take back 41.
  • The newspaper further said that India has threatened to withdraw diplomatic immunity of those Canadian diplomats who have been asked to return, if they fail to do so by October 10. India has declined to comment on the report.
  • In an interaction with the media in Ottawa on Tuesday, Mr. Trudeau said it was necessary for Canada to have diplomats on the ground in India. 
  • “Obviously, we’re going through an extremely challenging time with India right now,” he was quoted as saying by the Toronto Sun newspaper.
  • According to CBS News, he did not confirm the The Financial Times report, and said, “We’re not looking to escalate, as I’ve said, we’re going to be doing the work that matters in continuing to have constructive relations with India through this extremely difficult time.” 
  • Echoing the Prime Minister’s remarks, Foreign Minister Melanie Joly said Canada wished to have a “strong diplomatic footprint” in India. 

6. ICMR project to accelerate cancer screening measures, treatment at district level

  • With only a few districts across India being able to effectively implement cancer screening measures in accordance with Health Ministry norms, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) is gearing up to bring in remedial measures. It has invited Expressions of Interest on the implementation of research to accelerate cancer screening, early diagnosis, and treatment. 
  • The Council noted cancer poses a significant and pressing public health challenge in India, which currently ranks third in cancer incidence after China and the United States. According to Global Cancer Observatory projections, however, India is expected to witness a substantial 57.5% increase in cancer cases between 2020 and 2040.
  • In the long run, the Council is looking at improving the coverage and quality of cancer screening through the existing healthcare system using accepted and validated methods. It plans to engage non-specialist physicians and other healthcare workers within a supportive healthcare system. The screening of cancer as well as precancerous conditions. The Council also wants to ensure that all those who test positive are linked to facilities for early diagnosis and treatment. The involvement of local communities is key to encourage the target population to undergo screening for early diagnosis and treatment. 
  • “Research has indicated that frontline health workers, such as Accredited Social Health Activists (ASH- As), have the potential to play a crucial role in promoting and conducting home-based cancer screening. Home screening has resulted in higher compliance rates because it offers the privacy and convenience necessary for individuals to participate actively in the screening process,” the Council
  • This will be a four year project, the ICMR said. 

International News

7. 27th World Road Congress organized in Prague, Czech Republic

  • The 27th World Road Congress 2023 is organized from 2-6 October 2023 at the Convention Center in Prague, Czech Republic. The theme of this congress is "Prague 2023 – Together again on the road". 
  • Road infrastructure as a community asset has over the years shown itself to be a powerful tool in improving the quality of life and promoting social cohesion. 
  • India's Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways, Shri Nitin Gadkari has represented India in this. Focusing on road safety, the stakeholders at all levels should adopt a holistic approach to reduce road accidents and deaths. 
  • He reiterated India's special focus on spreading awareness to influence behavioral change and ensure flawless enforcement of rules. The Minister reiterated our commitment to achieve the global road safety goals set out in the Stockholm Declaration. The International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference 
  • The International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference has started at the National Exhibition Center in Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates. The Indian pavilion at the exhibition was inaugurated by Petroleum and Natural Gas Minister Hardeep Singh Puri.
  • More than 1 lakh 60 thousand people from 164 countries are likely to participate in this program which will run till October 5, 2023. The theme of this program is to reduce carbon emissions rapidly and collectively.
  • This exhibition mainly focuses on energy based technology, innovation, collaboration and digitalization. This program is being organized seven weeks before the 28th International Climate Change Conference-COP-28. The United Arab Emirates is hosting this conference. 

8. Joint exercise ‘SAMPRITI-XI’ started between the armies of India and Bangladesh 

  • India and Bangladesh have commenced the 11th edition of the annual joint military exercise, SAMPRITI, at Umroi, Meghalaya on 03 October 2023. The exercise, conducted alternately by both the countries, is a symbol of strong bilateral defense cooperation initiative. 
  • Beginning in 2009 in Jorhat, Assam, the exercise has seen ten successful editions by 2022. SAMPRITI-XI, scheduled for 14 days, will involve around 350 personnel from both sides. 
  • The exercise underlines the importance of enhancing interoperability between the two armies, sharing tactical exercises and promoting best practices.
  • The Bangladesh contingent, comprising 170 personnel, is led by Brigadier General Mohammad Mafizul Islam Rashed, commander of 52 Bangladesh Infantry Brigade. The major unit of the Bangladesh Army is the 27 Bangladesh Infantry Regiment. 
  • The Indian contingent mainly consists of soldiers from one battalion of the Rajput Regiment. Mountain Brigade Commander Brigadier SK Anand is leading the Indian team. SAMPRITI-XI 
  • As per Chapter VII of the UN mandate, SAMPRITI-XI will consist of a Command Post Exercise (CPX) and Field Training Exercise (FTX), culminating in a Validation Exercise.
  • The FTX will include a series of joint tactical exercises for counter- terrorism operations such as hostage rescue, crowd control measures and use of helicopters in counter-terrorism operations. 
  • The validation exercise will be conducted on 14 and 15 October 2023 at Daranga Field Firing Range, Assam. During the exercise, the participants will also get to witness the power of 'Atmanirbhar Bharat' equipment demonstration.

9. Uganda Airlines To Initiate A Thrice-Weekly Direct Flight Service To Mumbai

  • On 3 October, Uganda Airlines announced a significant milestone in its operations by commencing direct flight services between Mumbai’s Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport and Entebbe International Airport in Uganda. 
  • This development marks a historic moment as it reconnects India and Uganda with a non-stop air service after more than 50 years of hiatus. The maiden flight for this route, UR 430, is scheduled to take off from Entebbe on 7 October, with the return flight, UR 431, departing from Mumbai on 8 October. 
  • Uganda Airlines will operate this direct service between Mumbai and Entebbe thrice a week, utilizing its Airbus A330-800 neo aircraft. The flight will offer passengers a three-class configuration, comprising Business Class with 20 seats, Premium Economy with 28 seats, and Economy Class with 210 seats. This variety of seating options ensures that travelers have choices that suit their preferences and needs.

10.Tallest Statue Of B.R. Ambedkar To Be Unveiled In North America On October 14 

  • The tallest statue of the ‘Architect of the Indian Constitution,’ B.R. Ambedkar, known as the ‘Statue of Equality,’ is set to be unveiled in Maryland on October 14. The memorial symbolizes the enduring ideals of equality and human rights, reflecting the core principles that Dr. B.R. Ambedkar stood for throughout his life.
  • Standing at a towering height of 19 feet, the ‘Statue of Equality’ is a testament to the enduring impact of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s work. This monumental sculpture is poised to become the largest statue of Babasaheb outside of India. 
  • The ‘Statue of Equality’ is the creation of the distinguished artist and sculptor Ram Sutar. Mr. Sutar is renowned for his exceptional craftsmanship and previously sculpted the iconic ‘Statue of Unity’ dedicated to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

11.India Participates In The 5th Meeting Of Moscow Format 

  • In a significant diplomatic gathering held in the Russian City of Kazan, representatives from various countries convened for the fifth meeting of the Moscow Format Consultation on Afghanistan. 
  • The primary focus of this high-level meeting was to discuss the ongoing situation in Afghanistan, with an emphasis on regional security and the integration of Afghanistan into border regional economic processes. 
  • One of the key outcomes of the meeting was a collective call on the Taliban to establish a government system that is “truly inclusive” and represents the interests of all key ethnopolitical groups within the country. Additionally, the participants urged the Taliban to intensify their efforts in counter-terrorism and anti-drug activities.

12.Taiwan reveals first domestically made submarine in defense milestone 

  • Taiwan unveiled its first domestically developed submarine, a major step in a project aimed at strengthening the island’s defence and deterrence against the Chinese navy, though it won’t enter service for another two years.
  • Taiwan, which China claims as its own territory, has made the indigenous submarine programme a key part of an ambitious project to modernize its armed forces as Beijing stages almost daily military exercises to assert its sovereignty.
  • President Tsai Ing-wen, who initiated the plan when she took office in 2016, showed off the first of eight new submarines in the southern city of Kaohsiung.
  • Taiwan hopes to deploy at least two such domestically developed submarines by 2027, and possibly equip later models with missiles. 
  • The first submarine, with a price tag of T$49.36 billion ($1.53 billion), will use a combat system by Lockheed Martin Corp (LMTN) and carry US-made Mark 48 heavyweight torpedoes. It will enter sea trials next month before delivery to the navy by the end of 2024. 

13.Armenia’s Parliament votes to join ICC, straining ties with ally Russia 

  • Armenia’s Parliament wered on Tuesday to join the International Criminal Cowart, a move that further stains the country’s des watt its old allt Russia after the court issued an arrest warrant for President Vladimir Pasin over events in ukraine
  • Moscow Just called Yerevan’s decision to join the ICC an “unfriendly step,” and the Russian Foreign Ministry summoned Armenia’s Ambassador.
  • Countries that have signed and ratified the Rome Statute that created the CC are bound to arrest Mr. Putin, who was indict- ed for war crimes connect- ed to the deportation of children from Ukraine, if he sets foot on their soil. 
  • Armenia later sought to assure Russia that Mr. Parsin would not be arrested if he entered the country. 
  • Still, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov called Tuesday’s decision “incorrect,” saying it will raise “additional questions” in Moscow, even though Armenia is “our ally, a friend by state, our partner, and a lot unites us with the brotherly Armenian people. 
  • Asked if Mr. Putin would have to refrain from traveling to Armenia, he added: “Of course, we wouldn’t want the President to ever, for whatever reason, refuse a visit to Armenia. A diplomatic solution is needed and will be discussed with Yerevan, he said
  • Armenia’s disclaimer Armenian officials have at gued the move has nothing to do with Russia and was prompted by what they call Azerbaijan’s aggression against the country
  • Lawmakers voted to rat- By the Rome Statute by a vote of 60-22. The decision after that is to be submitted to Armenia’s President, who must prepare a ratification document, which is then deposited with the UN secretary-general
  • Asked if Mr. Putin would have to refrain from traveling to Armenia, he added: “Of course, we wouldn’t want the President to ever, for whatever reason, refuse a visit to an Armenian law maker. 
  • The decision comes into force 60 days after the ratification, according to Armenian lawmakers. 
  • Armenia’s relations with Russia have frayed significantly in recent years. 

State News

14.SC to hear plea on Bihar caste survey on October 6 

  • The Supreme Court on Tuesday said it will hear petitions challenging the legality of the castebased survey held in Bihar, on October 6. A Bench headed by Justice Sanjiv Khanna informed Solicitor-General Tushar Mehta, who is appearing for the Union government in the case. 
  • The Union government had maintained that only the Centre and “no other body” was entitled to conduct “either census or any action akin to census” in its reply to the Supreme Court on the Bihar government’s caste-based survey. 
  • “The subject of census is covered in the Union List B under Entry 69 in the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution,” the Office of the al Registrar General, Home s it Ministry, said in a two-page he affidavit. 
  • Earlier, the Supreme Court had refused to stay the uploading of data col- lected in the recently concluded caste-based survey. Ep- The Patna High Court, on August 1, had upheld the legality of the survey.

15.Jammu And Kashmir’s Renowned Pashmina Craft Receives GI Tag 

  • Basohli Pashmina, an age-old traditional craft originating from the picturesque district of Kathua in Jammu and Kashmir, has recently earned the prestigious Geographical Indication (GI) tag. 
  • Basohli Pashmina is renowned for its exceptional softness, fineness, and feather-like weight. Crafted by skilled artisans using traditional hand-spinning techniques, this exquisite fabric has been a symbol of luxury and elegance for over a century. Its hallmark is its remarkable ability to provide warmth without adding bulk, making it an ideal choice for cold climates and discerning fashion enthusiasts. 
  • The Department of Industries and Commerce, in collaboration with NABARD Jammu and Human Welfare Association, Varanasi, played a pivotal role in securing the GI tag for Basohli Pashmina. This achievement was the result of concerted efforts to preserve and promote this craft, recognizing its cultural significance and economic potential. 

16.Heavy death reporting on P in 2 Maharashtra hospitals 

  • With many patients dying in State-run hospitals in two districts of Maharashtra from September 30, the Opposition on Tuesday slammed the State government for “gross negligence” and. Called for an investigation.
  • Authorities confirmed an additional seven patient fatalities, including of four newborn babies, on Octob er 1 and 2 at Dr. Shankarrao Chavan Government Medi- cal College and Hospital in Nanded where 24 patients, including 12 newborns ba- bies, had died earlier. At least 18 deaths occurred within 24 hours in a hospi- tal in Chhatrapati Sambha- jinagar (formerly Auranga bad), allegedly due to a lack of medical help and a shortage of essential medicines. 
  • The District Information Office, Nanded confirmed the additional fatalities. “The facts related to the death of patients at Dr. Shankarrao Chavan Government Medical College and Hospital are as follows: 24 deaths between September 30 and October 1; seven deaths between October 1 and 2. Please do not panic. A team of doctors is ready,” the DIO said. (Ear- lier, it was reported that 24 deaths occurred within 24 hours on October 1 and 2.) 
  • Chief Minister Eknath Shinde said the government had taken the deaths in Nanded “very seriously”, and appropriate action would be taken after a detailed inquiry. “Adequate medicine stock and medical staff were available at the hospital. A significant number of patients who died were old people with heart ailments, underweight infants and accident victims,” he said. 
  • Of the 24 deaths on September 30 and October 1, 12 were infants, as revealed Hindu. By hospital dean Dr. S.R. Wakode, who attempted to downplay the severity of the situation saying many of the deceased were outpatients brought in a critical condition from neighboring districts. 
  • “There are 142 admissions in the pediatric department of the hospital; 42 are still critical. Oxygen as well as ventilator facili- ties are there,” he saidState Medical Education media Minister Hasan Mushrif, who visited the hospital, said that he had briefed Mr. Shinde and Deputy Chief Minister Fadnavis. Devendra Fadnavis.
  • Sources at the hospital confirmed that the condition of 70 more adult inpatients remained critical. 
  • “We admit over 27,000 New patients a month and the average death rate is 1.1% to 1.45%. Last month, 419 porn deaths were reported in our hospital, of which 103 were brought in dead,” Medical Superintendent at Government Medical Colter lege and Hospital, Chhatrapati Sambhaji Nagar, Dr. jay Kalyankar told The Hindu 
  • Congress president Mallikarjun Kharge called for a detailed investigation into the deaths. 
  • Shiv Sena (UBT) leader Aaditya Thackeray expressed deep concern and shock. 
  • Nationalist Congress Party supremo Sharad Pawar slammed the Shinde government, and said the death highlights the failure of the government system 

17.Green War Room’ starts 24x7 operations 

  • The Delhi government’s control center to monitor air pollution and solve complaints, ‘Green War Room’, started round-the-clock operations with an increased staff from Tuesday, Environment Minister Gopal Rai said.
  • Air pollution spikes in the national capital and the neighboring States during winter, mainly due to meteorological factors and pollution from stubble burning. 
  • Mr. Rai said, “To give a more hands-on approach and enable 24x7 monitoring of our efforts, we are starting the Green War Room from today. A total of 17 members will be working in the war room. The team will work on the basis of complaints received on the Green Delhi mobile application.” 
  • “The complaints received on the app are jointly taken up by 28 Central and Delhi government departments. Nodal officers have been appointed in every department to operate this app,” he said. 
  • Mr. Rai added that the city government will start an anti dust campaign from October 5. 

18.Karnataka’s caste census will also be released when the time is right’ 

  • Welcoming the release of the findings of the caste survey by the Bihar government, Minister for Backward Classes Shivaraj Tangadagi and Minister for Social Welfare H.C. Mahadevappa said the caste census conducted in Karnataka too will be released at an appropriate time. 
  • Talking to reporters on Tuesday, Mr. Tangadagi said a survey had been carried out to gather information about the social, educational and economic status of people during Chief Minister Siddaramaiah’s previous tenure at the helm of affairs in the State.
  • “It [caste census report] will be released when the time comes,” he said.
  • When asked if there was any pressure on the government against releasing the census report on the survey because of its contents, Mr. Tangadagi said, “Nobody has seen the report. So, why will there be opposition or pressure against the report.” 
  • Mr. Mahadevappa, who was also present on the occasion, said such a caste census should be carried out across the country so that it will help the authorities to find out if benefits had reached the people. 

19.NewsClick founder arrested under UAPA 

  • The Delhi police on Tuesday arrested Tha, founder and Editor-in- Chief of news portal NewsClick and its Human Re- sources head Amit Chakraborty in an alleged terror case. 
  • Deputy Commissioner of Police (PRO) Suman Nalwa said that a total of 46 “suspects”, including nine women, were questioned and their phones, laptops and devices seized for further examination. She added that proceedings were on and two persons had been arrested thus far. 
  • Police raided the homes and offices of journalists, authors, academics, contributors and a satirist associated with the news portal in a terrorism case. 
  • The journalists were asked questions about the Delhi communal riots and the CAA agitation of 2019-20, the farmers protest of 2020-21 and whether they used encrypted messaging applications such as Signal on their phones. 
  • The Special Cell of the Delhi police had registered a first information report (FIR) in the case on August 17 under Sections 13, 16, 17, Attack on press: Founder and Editor-in-Chief of NewsClick Prabir Purkayastha being brought to Delhi Police Special Cell.
  • AP 18 and 22 of the anti-terror Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act and Sections 153A and 120B of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) for promoting religious enmity between groups and criminals respectively. 

20.Probe agencies are independent: I&B Minister on searches 

  • Reacting to the Delhi Police’s searches on houses of journalists associated with the news portal NewsClick on Tuesday, Union Information and Broadcasting Minister Anurag Thakur said investigating agencies were independent and they acted according to the law. 
  • “I don’t have to justify the raids. If someone has committed any wrong, investigating agencies do act on them. Nowhere it is written that if you have wrongfully acquired wealth and committed offense , the investigating agencies would not take action,” Mr. Thakur said when asked if he justified the government action with regards to searches on journalists. 
  • “Investigating agencies are independent. They act according to law,” he said. Mr. Thakur, along with Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan, was addressing a press conference here. 
  • Similarly, reacting to the caste census in Bihar, the I&B Minister said, “Bihar caste census came yesterday. It is difficult to comment on the census outcome when one has not gone through the report in detail.”
  • He, however, said, “No one has the kind of vision PM possesses. Implementation of pro-poor programmes demonstrates the fact that Mr. Modi does what he promises.” 
  • “The Modi government is committed to the values of Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas, Sabka Prayas (Everyone’s support, everyone’s development and everyone’s trust with everyone’s effort),” Mr. Thakur said. 
  • The Union Minister said India is going to receive huge investment following the materialization of the proposed India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor and the project would help establish direct contacts between India and many countries. 

Defence News

21.Indian Navy’s innovation and indigenization seminar ‘Swavalamban 2.0’ will start in New Delhi. 

  • The 2nd edition of the Innovation and Indigenization Seminar (Swavalamban) hosted by the Indian Navy will be held on 4 and 5 October 2023 at Bharat Mandapam, New Delhi. The Indian Navy will unveil two notable platforms at the event – Autonomous Weaponized Boat Swarms and Autonomous Vessel Underwater (AUV). 
  • Defense ministers and diplomats from more than 50 friendly countries are expected to attend this mega event. The initiative aims to promote innovation and technology development within the defense and aerospace sector, actively involving micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs), start-ups and individual innovators.
  • It is proposed to showcase these 75 prototypes along with live demos of some promising technologies during “Swavalamban.2.0-2023”. Including a blue-green laser for underwater applications, autonomous weaponized swarm and underwater swarm drones, multiple firefighting support, and an ultra-endurance small drone for maritime missions. ‘Swavalamban 2.0’ 
  • In the first edition of the seminar held in July 2022, Hon’ble Prime Minister launched 75 challenges for Start-ups/MSMEs as a part of the ‘Sprint’ initiative.
  • SPRINT is a collaborative initiative being undertaken in collaboration with Defense Innovation Organization and aims to support pole-vaulting in R&D through Innovation for Defense Excellence (IDEX), NIIO and Technology Development Acceleration Cell (TDAC). This initiative has received an overwhelming response with 1106 proposals. 

22. J&K Lt Governor Flags Off CRPF Women Bike Expedition ‘Yashasvini’ From Srinagar 

  • The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) kick-started an all-female bikers’ expedition rally named ‘Yashasvini‘ from Srinagar to Gujarat on Tuesday. The rally, an ode to women empowerment, was flagged off from the iconic Ghanta Ghar near the city center of Lal Chowk in Srinagar. 
  • This all-female cross-country bike rally is not just an ordinary road trip; it’s a testament to determination and strength. Covering a staggering distance of 2134 kilometers, the rally will traverse through 40 districts, spanning across 15 states and Union Territories. 
  • During this incredible journey, the three teams from Srinagar, Shillong, and Kanyakumari will engage with various target groups as part of the “Beti Bachao Beti Padhao” initiative. They will interact with school children and college girls, women self-help groups, cadets of the National Cadet Corps (NCC) and anganwadi workers to inspire and empower women across diverse age groups and backgrounds. 

23.IAF To Stop Flying MiG-21 By 2025: Air Chief Marshal VR Chaudhari 

  • Amidst its ongoing efforts to modernize and replace its aging Russian-origin aircraft, the Indian Air Force (IAF) has announced plans to retire its iconic MiG-21 fighter jets and replace them with the indigenous Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Mark 1A. 
  • The Air Chief Marshal confirmed that the MiG-21 fighter aircraft would cease operations by 2025, with the LCA Mark 1A being the replacement of choice. The MiG-21 has been a stalwart of the Indian Air Force for over six decades.
  • During the press conference, it was announced that the legendary MiG-21 would participate in what might be its final flypast anywhere in the world. The aircraft has played a pivotal role in safeguarding India’s airspace and has been instrumental in various missions and operations.

24.IAF’s Ambitious Rs 3 Lakh Crore Weapon Procurement Plan: A Strategic Investment In India’s Defense

  • Air Chief Marshal VR Chaudhari announced that the Indian Air Force (IAF) is set to procure a range of weapon systems, including aircraft, helicopters, and missiles, with an estimated cost ranging from Rs 2.5 lakh crore to Rs 3 lakh crore over the next six to seven years. 
  • The majority of the equipment will be sourced from Indian industry, aligning with the government’s ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’ (self-reliant India) initiative. The IAF is investing in force multipliers, including AI-based decision tools, electronic warfare equipment, robust networks, and space and cyber capabilities. 
  • The IAF will acquire 97 additional Tejas light combat aircraft Mark-I at an estimated cost of Rs 67,000 crore, supplementing the previous procurement of 83 such aircraft among others. 

25.We will remain deployed in eastern Ladakh until full disengagement: IAF chief

  • The Indian Air Force (IAF) is looking at procuring 97 additional indigenous light combat aircraft, LCA-MKIA, at an estimated cost of 1.15 lakh crore, Air Chief Marshal V.R. Chaudhari said on Tuesday. 
  • The procurement will take the LCA-MKIA fleet strength to 180. The IAF is looking at several contracts worth 2.5 lakh crore to 3 lakh crore in the next few tics”. Years, he said. The Air chief was addressing the annual press conference ahead of the 91st Air Force Day on October 8. 
  • On the situation along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) with China, he said the operational plans of the IAF were dynamic and can change as per the developing situation. He said that in places where the IAF “cannot counter in terms of numbers”, it will do so through “better tactics. 
  • Acknowledging the delays in the delivery of the S-400 air defense systems from Russia due to the war in Ukraine, the Air chief said three regiments had been delivered and expressed confidence that the remaining two would be delivered next year. 
  • To a question on the situation in eastern Ladakh, Air Chief Marshal Chaudhari said the situation remained what it was in the past year. There have been disengagements in certain contested areas. “We will continue to remain deployed till complete disengagement takes place.” 
  • On Chinese deployment of radars near Mansarovar, he said the Air Force was looking at inducting long- range mountain radars to “see equally deep inside the adversary’s territory”. Noting that China and Pakistan were transferring technology, he said Pakistan was manufacturing JF-17 fighter aircraft and also inducting the J-10.
  • The Air Chief said the Army and the Air Force were looking at signing a contract for 156 light combat helicopters (LCH) in the coming year. Of these, 66 would be for the Air Force. 

26.Army operation in Rajouri continues; 2 jawans injured 

  • An anti-militancy operation being carried out with the help of high-tech gadgets, including drones, continued for the second day on Tuesday in the Pir Panjal valley’s Rajouri area. At least two soldiers were injured during a gunfight on Monday night 
  • The operation was started on Monday following a specific intelligence about the movement of some unidentified individuals, generated by the J&K police in Kalakote. 
  • Two soldiers were injured in the exchange of fire. Official sources said two to three militants were hiding in the forest. 

Economy News

27.India’s Manufacturing PMI Hits 5-Month Low In September 

  • In September, India’s manufacturing sector saw a notable slowdown, reaching a five-month low, as reported by the seasonally adjusted S&P Global India Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI). This index slipped to 57.5 from 58.6 in August, indicating a deceleration in activity. 
  • One of the key factors contributing to the slowdown was a decrease in new orders during September, compared to the previous month. While input cost inflation reached its lowest point in over three years, firms raised their output charges at a pace higher than the long-run average. 
  • Despite the slowdown in various aspects of manufacturing activity, firms expressed the highest level of optimism regarding their business prospects for the year ahead in 2023. 

28.World Bank Retains India’s FY24 GDP Growth At 6.3% Amidst Challenges 

  • Despite substantial external challenges, India’s economy remains robust, prompting the World Bank to maintain its growth forecast for the fiscal year 2023-24 at 6.3%. This decision reflects India’s remarkable resilience within a demanding global environment. 
  • India’s economic resilience is underpinned by key factors, including strong domestic demand, significant public infrastructure investments, and a strengthening financial sector. Notably, bank credit growth has surged to 15.8% in the first quarter of FY23/24, indicating a healthy financial environment. 
  • Auguste Tano Kouame, the World Bank’s Country Director in India, emphasized the need for stimulating private investments through public spending. Creating favorable conditions for India to leverage global opportunities is crucial for achieving higher growth in the future. 

29.World Bank Raises India’s Retail Inflation Forecast To 5.9% For FY24

  • The World Bank, in its latest India Development Update, has revised its retail inflation forecast for India for the fiscal year 2023-24. The new projection stands at 5.9 percent, up from the earlier estimate of 5.2 percent made in April. This upward revision is attributed to certain factors which caused a sharp increase in food prices in July 2023. 
  • The World Bank highlighted the impact of abnormal rainfall on food prices during the monsoon season. While there was a temporary easing of food prices in August, the bank expects this situation to continue to influence headline inflation throughout the fiscal year.
  • The World Bank’s updated estimates come ahead of the RBI’s monetary policy review, scheduled for October 6. With food inflation now under control, it is anticipated that the RBI will maintain the status quo. In its August policy review, the central bank had projected retail inflation to be 5.4 percent for FY24. 

Schemes And committees News 

30.Prime Minister Narendra Modi Inaugurates Tourist Facilities In Nathdwara

  • Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi inaugurated several key projects in Nathdwara, Rajasthan, which included the ‘tourist facilities at Nathdwara.’ These projects were funded by the Ministry of Tourism as part of the Krishna circuit of the Swadesh Darshan scheme. 
  • The Ministry of Tourism allocated a substantial budget of Rs. 23.59 Crore for the development of tourism facilities in Nathdwara. Notably, a tourism interpretation cum cultural center was developed at a cost of Rs. 13.43 Crore.
  • The interpretation center serves as an informative hub about Shrinathji (Lord Krishna) and Shri Vallabhacharyaji, the revered devotee and founder of Pushtimarg, a major branch of the Vaishnava sect. At this center, tourists can delve into various aspects of Shrinathji’s life, including his journey from Goverdhan to Nathdwara, divine acts, worship rituals, adornment, appearances, festivals, and related customs. 

31. PM SVANidhi Scheme Surpasses 50 Lakh Beneficiaries Mark

  • The Prime Minister Street Vendor’s AtmaNirbhar Nidhi, or PM SVANidhi scheme, has achieved a significant milestone by providing assistance to over 50 lakh street vendors across the country. Street vendors have long been essential contributors to the urban informal economy, offering vital goods and services to urban residents.
  • Administered under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, this scheme has been instrumental in integrating street vendors into the formal economic sector, offering them new opportunities for upward mobility.
  • Launched on June 1st, 2020, the PM SVANidhi Scheme is a micro-credit initiative aimed at providing collateral-free working capital loans of up to 50 thousand rupees to urban street vendors. This visionary scheme not only bolsters the livelihoods of street vendors but also contributes to the formalization of the urban informal economy, aligning with the government’s broader economic goals. 

Appointment News 

32.PayU Elevates Anirban Mukherjee As Global CEO 

  • Anirban Mukherjee, the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of PayU India, has been promoted to the role of global CEO of PayU. Anirban Mukherjee will be taking over from Laurent Le Moal, who has decided to step back from the day-to-day operational management of the business. However, Le Moal will continue to be involved with Prosus and PayU in an advisory capacity. 
  • In his new role as Global CEO, Anirban Mukherjee will be entrusted with the overall business operations of PayU on a global scale. His reporting line will directly lead to Ervin Tu, the interim CEO of Prosus and Naspers, the parent company of PayU. This move signifies a pivotal moment in PayU’s journey as it gears up to shape the future of the global digital payments industry.
  • PayU India claims to serve over 450,000 merchants, work with more than 70 large banks through its paytech platform called Wibmo and provide credit facilities to over 2 million customers in India. The company’s business in India continues to grow and it plays a vital role in the country’s dynamic fintech sector.

Banking News

33.Karnataka Bank launches “Doorstep Gold loan facility” with SahiBandhu

  • Karnataka Bank has partnered with SahiBandhu, an aggregator platform for gold loans backed by the Manipal Group, to launch a ‘doorstep gold loan’ facility named ‘KBL-Swarna Bandhu’.
  • The bank will be able to provide gold loan services at the customer’s doorstep through this product. Initially, the product will be available to customers in select centres of the bank and will be gradually rolled out to all branches 
  • SahiBandhu will act as a corporate business correspondent and a lending service provider. 
  • The collaboration with SahiBandhu aligns with extant guidelines on digital lending and will also help in improving the gold loan portfolio of the bank. 

Recent MoU in Banking Sector 

  • REC signs MoU with PNB to co-finance infrastructure projects 
  • Kotak Mutual Fund launches investor education program in partnership with CBSE 
  • SIDBI signed MoU with the Digital Lenders Association of India (DLAI) to boost the country’s fintech sector. 
  • UP New and Renewable Energy Development Agency (UPNEDA) signed MoU SIDBI to promote green project 
  • SIDBI signs with Digital Lenders Association of India (DLAI) to boost fintech sector 

Important Days

34.World Animal Welfare Day 2023 

  • World Animal Day, also known as World Animal Welfare Day, is a global initiative celebrated annually on October 4th. This day serves as an International Day of Action, advocating for the rights and welfare of animals. 
  • The choice of this date coincides with the feast day of Francis of Assisi, the patron saint of animals. This event unites animal lovers worldwide, raising awareness and fostering a sense of responsibility towards the well-being of animals. 
  • The theme for World Animal Day 2023, “Great or Small, Love Them All,” emphasizes the importance of acknowledging animals as sentient beings. It underscores the need to elevate global animal care standards and advocates for animal rights universally. 

35. Breast Cancer Awareness Month 2023

  • Breast Cancer Awareness Month is observed throughout the entire month of October each year. During this time, individuals, healthcare organizations, and nonprofits collaborate to raise awareness and promote breast cancer prevention and treatment. 
  • The primary objective of this month-long campaign is to raise awareness about breast cancer, promote early detection, support those affected by the disease, and raise funds for research, prevention, and treatment. It serves as a reminder of the importance of regular breast examinations and mammograms to detect breast cancer at an early, more treatable stage. 
  • Breast Cancer Awareness Month was established in the early 1980s to promote breast cancer awareness, early detection, and support for individuals and families affected by the disease. Since then, it has become a global movement that has contributed to increased awareness and improved outcomes for breast cancer patients. 

36.World Teachers’ Day 2023 

  • World Teachers’ Day, observed annually on October 5th, is a global celebration dedicated to honoring the invaluable contributions of teachers to society. This day serves as an opportunity to recognize the vital role teachers play in shaping the future and to address the challenges they face. 
  • World Teachers’ Day is a momentous occasion to celebrate how teachers are catalysts for educational transformation. Teachers have the unique opportunity to make a lasting impact on the lives of their students, shaping sustainable futures and finding personal fulfillment in their vocation. 
  • World Teachers’ Day was inaugurated on October 5, 1994, marking the 30th anniversary of the 1966 conference. Since then, it has grown into a globally recognized annual event that honors teachers and their contributions to education. 

37.National Wildlife Week 2023

  • The National Zoological Park recently kick-started the celebration of the 69th Wildlife Week, a significant event aimed at raising awareness about the importance of wildlife conservation in India.
  • This year’s theme, “Partnerships for Wildlife Conservation,” reflects the collaborative efforts required to protect and preserve the nation’s rich biodiversity.
  • The festivities coincide with the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, reinforcing the principles of Ahinsa (non-violence) and compassion for all living beings. The choice of dates for Wildlife Week, spanning from October 2 to October 8, holds deep symbolism. 

Awards News

38.Nobel Prize In Chemistry 2023 Awarded To Moungi G. Bawendi, Louis E. Brus And Alexei I. Ekimov 

  • Moungi G. Bawendi, Louis E. Brus and Alexei I. Ekimov were awarded Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2023 “for the discovery and synthesis of quantum dots”. 
  • Quantum dots now illuminate computer monitors and television screens based on QLED technology. They also add nuance to the light of some LED lamps, and biochemists and doctors use them to map biological tissue.
  • The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2023 rewards the discovery and development of quantum dots, nanoparticles so tiny that their size determines their properties. The Nobel Prize amount for 2023 is set at Swedish kronor (SEK) 11.0 million per full Nobel Prize. 

Sports News

39.Asian Games 2023, India Team Wins Archery Mixed Team Compound Gold 

  • Indian players Jyothi Surekha Vennam and Pravin Ojas Deotale won gold in the Compound Archery Mixed Team. India has made its mark at the Asian Games 2023, excelling in specific sports that brought a total of 71 medals for the country. 
  • The duo defeated the South Korean pair of So Chaewon and Joo Jaehoon 159-158 at the Fuyang Yinhu Sports Centre Final Field. This is the first gold for Archery in the ongoing Asian Games. 
  • India have now won 16 gold, 26 silver and 29 bronze medals in the Hangzhou Games and have a chance to add to add more to their tally. China is currently on top with 164 golds, 90 silvers and 46 bronze medals. Japan and South Korea are second and third in the list.

40.Asian Games 2023, Annu Rani Wins Gold In Women’s Javelin Throw 

  • India’s Annu Rani won the gold medal in the women’s javelin throw with a 69.92m throw at the Asian Games 2023 in Hangzhou. She became the first Indian woman to win a javelin gold in Asian Games history.
  • Rani started with a 56.99m throw in her first attempt and followed it with a 60+ in the next one. Her 61.28m throw in the second attempt put her in the medal contention but her 62.92m throw in the fourth attempt turned out to be sufficient for a gold. Rani’s first-place finish secured India its 15th gold. 
  • Sri Lanka’s Nadeesha Dilhan Lekamge Hatarabage, with 61.57 metres throw, and China’s Huihui Lyu, with 61.29 metres throw, won silver and bronze, respectively. 

41.ICC Names Sachin Tendulkar As ‘Global Ambassador’ For ODI World Cup 2023

  • The International Cricket Council (ICC) has made an exciting announcement on Tuesday, designating the legendary cricketer Sachin Tendulkar as the ‘Global Ambassador‘ for the highly anticipated Cricket World Cup 2023. This prestigious event is scheduled to kick off tomorrow in the vibrant city of Ahmedabad, India.
  • Sachin Tendulkar holds the record for participating in six 50-over World Cups. His association with this global cricketing spectacle goes back decades, from being a ball boy in 1987 to donning the Indian jersey in numerous editions. Sachin’s legacy and his passion for the game make him the perfect choice to unveil the World Cup trophy before the inaugural match. 
  • The Cricket World Cup 2023 will officially commence with a grand ceremony before the first match between England and New Zealand. Sachin Tendulkar’s presence on this occasion will undoubtedly add a touch of cricketing magic, marking the beginning of what promises to be a thrilling tournament. 

42.Parul Chaudhary won gold medal in 5000 meter race in the19th Asian Games 2023. 

  • Parul Chaudhary has won the gold medal in the 5000m women’s final with a timing of 15:14.75 at the Asian Games 2023 in Hangzhou on 3 October 2023. India has so far won a total of 64 medals including 14 gold, 24 silver and 26 bronze.
  • Parul was trailing in the race but in the last few meters of the race she increased her speed and overtook Japan’s Ririka Hironaka. Earlier, Parul Chaudhary had won a silver medal in the women’s 3000 meter steeplechase.
  • India is aiming to achieve the remarkable feat of winning 100 medals in this year’s showpiece event, improving its best tally of 70 medals recorded at the Asian Games 2018 in Jakarta. 
  • Vithya Ramraj won the bronze medal in the women’s 400 meters hurdles with a timing of 55.68 seconds. Indian boxer Preeti Pawar suffered a 0-5 defeat against China’s Chang Yuan in the women’s 54kg semi-final and had to settle for a bronze medal.
  • The Indian team of Sunil Singh Salam and Arjun Singh opened India’s account by winning the bronze medal in the men’s canoe double 1000 meter sprint event. 

43.Tajinderpal Singh Toor wins Gold in Shotput 

  • India’s Tajinderpal Singh Toor has won gold in men’s shot put at the Hangzhou Asian Games. Toor won India its second track and field gold in the event.
  • Toor (2018 Jakarta, 2023 Hangzhou) became the fourth Indian shot putter to defend his Asian Games after Parduman Singh Brar (1954 and 1958), Joginder Singh (1966 and 1970) and Bahadur Singh Chouhan (1978 and 1982). 
  • Toor got started with a monster first throw which landed around the 20m mark, but it deemed a no-throw. His second throw was also ruled out. Toor managed his first legal throw in his third attempt, registering 19.51m, by which time Saudi Arabia’s Mohamed Daouda Tolo was leading the field with a best throw of 19.93m. 
  • Toor then threw a massive 20.06 in his fourth attempt to get into gold medal position, but Tolo reclaimed the lead, with a 20.18m throw. While Toor defaulted in his fifth throw, he saved his best throw for last with a massive 20.36m throw in his sixth attempt. Saudi’s Tolo couldn’t overhaul the Indian’s best and had to settle for silver. 
  • Indians have won men’s shot-put gold nine times in the earlier 18 editions of the Asian Games. 

44.Avinash Sable wins gold in men’s 3000m steeplechase 

  • India’s Avinash Sable has won the gold medal in the men’s 3000m steeplechase at the Hangzhou Asian Games.
  • He took top honours with a timing of 8:19:50s, breaking the Games record along the way. 
  • Sable’s medal is India’s 12th gold at this edition of the Asian Games and the first track and field gold in Hangzhou. 
  • Sable, a 2022 Commonwealth Games silver medalist, holds the national record of 8 minutes 11.20 seconds. His season’s best time is 8:11.63, placing him in second position among Asians behind Miura Ryuji (SB: 8:09.91) of Japan. 
  • In Hangzhou, besides the 3000m steeplechase, his pet event, Sable will also compete in the 5000m race. 

45.India win gold in Trap men’s team event 

  • The Indian men’s team comprising of Kynan Chenai, Zoravar Singh Sandhu and Prithviraj Tondaiman has claimed gold in the Trap event. 
  • The Indian trio secured 361 points in total as compared to Kuwait’s 352 and China’s 346. 
  • This was India’s 21st medal in shooting at the Asian Games 2023. 
  • India was able to fend off competition from Kuwait and China to secure the top spot on the podium to take the tally in shooting to 21 medals with 7 gold, 9 silver, and 5 bronze. 

46.Indian-origin Pereira wins Singapore’s 1st Athletics Asian Games Gold 

  • Shanti Pereira has won Singapore’s first Asian Games athletics gold medal for almost 50 years in the women’s 200m final in Hangzhou. 
  • Shanti’s father Clarence Pereira is a descendant of a family based in Pala in Kottayam who migrated to Singapore. Her mother is from Singapore. 
  • Indians have been bringing a rich medal haul in athletics at the Asian Games, but there has not been success in the sprints – the 100m and 200m races. 
  • Shanti Pereira, therefore, was a name that stood out on the winners’ list on the giant screen at the end of the 200m final. Earlier, Shanti had won a silver in the 100m final. 
  • Swee Lee Chee was the last Singaporean to top an athletics podium, following the women’s 400m in 1974, until Pereira clocked 23:03 to add a gold in 200m to her silver in the 100m.

Indian Polity 

47.INDIA bloc takes exception to targeting of media outlets 

  • Strongly condemning the early morning searches on journalists linked to the online news portal NewsClick, the Indian National Develop mental, Inclusive Alliance (INDIA) on Tuesday said the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government should focus on genuine issues concerning the nation and stop attacking the media to distract attention from its failures.
  • The BJP government has been deliberately persecuting and suppressing the media by deploying investigation agencies, It said. 
  • Such action was taken in the past against the BBC, Newslaundry, Dainik Bhas kar, Bharat Samachar, The Kashmir Walla, The Wire, and so on. The raids at the homes of journalists associated with the NewsClick follows this sequence, the INDIA bloc said in a joint statement. 
  • “In the national interest, it would behoove the BJP government to focus on genuine issues of concern to the nation and the people, and stop attacking the media to distract attention from its failures,” it said. • Several Opposition parties separately condemned the keeper”. The Delhi Police action against the journalists. 
  • CPI(M) general secretary Sitaram Yechury said laptops and mobile phones of journalists were seized without even explaining the charges against them. The CPI(M) Polit Bureau, in a statement, called for a united protest by “all Indian democratic minded patriots’’ against “such a systematic conspiracy to target, persecute and suppress the media that is meant to be the conscience keeper. 
  • Congress spokesperson Pawan Khera said the searches were a “fresh distraction from the explosive findings of caste census in Bihar and the growing demand for caste census across the country”, “When he [Prime Minister Narendra Modi) faces questions from out of syllabus, he resorts to the only counter he has in his predictable syllabus DISTRACTION,” Mr. Khera said on social media platform X. 
  • The Opposition questioned the government’s democratic credentials, Former CM of Jammu and Kashmir Mehbooba Mufti wrote on X: “GOI claims India is the mother of democracy & about press freedom abroad yet in the same breath uses state agencies to crack down on the remaining handful of independent media outlets. 

48.Nitish holds all-party meet Over caste survey report 

  • A day after Bihar government released the caste survey report, Chief Minister Nitish Kumar on Tuesday held an all-party meet- ing to apprise them of the outcomes of the survey. The survey revealed the Extremely Backward Classes (EBCs) to be the largest group in Bihar. 
  • The Opposition BJP and a few other parties raised objections over “faults and defects” in the released report, after which the Chief Minister reportedly asked officials to look into them. 
  • According to sources, Mr. Kumar informed those at the meeting that “socio economic profile of castes will be provided to all political parties ahead of the upcoming Winter Session of the State Assembly”. 
  • “At the meeting, we raised objections over some kami aur khami (defects and faults) in the survey report. The Chief Minister asked officials to look into our objections,” Leader of the Opposition in Assembly and BJP leader Vijay Kumar Sinha said. 

49.Modi says he turned down KCR’s request to join NDA in 2020 

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi said on Tuesday that Telangana Chief Minister K. Chandrasekhar Rao, known as KCR, wanted to join the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance after the 2020 municipal polls in Hyderabad, for which he had also sought BJP support. 
  • However, Mr. Modi said he had shot down the proposal, as he did not wish to “cheat the people of Telangana”.
  • Before making the allegations, the Prime Minister, speaking at a public meeting in Nizamabad, said he was going to disclose a secret which he had never revealed in public before, and called upon the media to take note of it. 
  • “Have you noticed why KCR stopped receiving me of late, after showering me with huge garlands and shawls earlier? 
  • After we won majority seats in GHMC [Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation] council, he came to seek our support. But I declined as I did not want to cheat the people of Telangana, and instead opted to sit in the Opposition,” he claimed. 
  • Mr. Modi said he had also questioned KCR about corruption and dynasty rule in his party, the Bharat Rashtra Samithi. “KCR also wanted to hand over to [his son] KTR [or K.T. Rama Rao], but I told him this is democracy and not a king ship where he can handover power to his son,” he 
  • He also said that Telangana had been formed after many sacrifices, “but one family has snatched the power and has been looting the State” 

50.BJP squares off against NC, Cong. H in first Kargil election since 2019 

  • He elections to 26 seats of the Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council-Kargil (LANDG-10 on October 4 has a lot at stake for the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), National Conference (NC) and Congress 
  • The election is all set to reflect the mood of the people towards the BIP-led Centre's move to grant Union Territory (UT) status to Ladakh, comprising Leb and Kargil districts, in 2019 
  • The BIP, which had promised a district status to Zanskar but failed to deliver on the promise, is facing resentment even in Buddhist-majority sears like Kar- sha and Padum However, the party is hopeful of increasing its tally from one seat won during the 2018 hill council poll. 
  • "We have fielded candidates from 17 seats. We are also supporting six independent candidates. The development work done in Kargil by the Centre will help us win many seats this time. The councilors had money at their disposal," BJP leader Anayat Ali told
  • The BJP dismissed the NC-Congress combine's accusations of the party failing to live up to peoples' expectations as "disinformation". 
  • Two senior BJP leaders, Meenakshi Lekhi and Tarun Chugh, campaigned in Kargil for the party. 
  • Out of the 26 seats, 23 are Muslim-majority seats in Kargil and three are Buddhist-dominated. 
  • The growing differences between the BJP and the Ladakh Buddhist Association (LBA), an influential Buddhist organization, over the Centre's failure to grant protection to Ladakh under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution is likely to impact the BJP's vote share this time. 
  • For the NC, the poll will determine their return as a regional party in Ladakh. 
  • The NC will emerge as the single-largest party. The alliance with the Congress is aimed at strengthening the hill council and empowering it further. The strong hill council will. throw its support behind the demands of the Kargil Democratic Alliance (KDA). The polls will also restore the 'Plough symbol of the NC," Muhammad Hanifa Jan, NC candidate from Baroo, said. 
  • It is also a poll test for the opposition's INDIA bloc as the Congress is contesting with ally NC, facing the first joint elections since the country-wide alliance was formed. 
  • Senior Congress leader Rahul Gandhi's bike rally, as part of the 'Bharat Jodo Yatra' campaign ahead of the polls in August, was also the party's bid to reinvigorate the party cadre. 
  • Kargil's influential seminary, the Imam Khomeini Memorial Trust, is also rooting for the Congress. "We are backing Congress candidates. We were hurt by the decisions made by the Centre on August 5, 2019," an office-bearer of the seminary said. 

51.Give back access to Foad, Visva-Bharati V-Casks Mamata 

  • The road passing through Santiniketan is once again in the spotlight as Visva Bharati wants to regain control while detractors of the Vice-Chancellor say he is trying to cut public access to the institution created by Rabindranath Tagore. 
  • The 3-km road that passes through Visva Bharati, a Central university, belongs to the West Bengal government, which gave control to the institution in 2017. In 2021, the State took back the control after the locals complained that they were being denied ly access. 
  • Access control critical In September, Santiniketan, the settlement that houses the campus, was placed in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Since then, the university's administration has been asking the State government to give back the road to protect the heritage buildings. 
  • Last Saturday, V-C Bidyut Chakrabarty wrote to Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee the second such communication from the university-asking for permission to monitor traffic movement on the road. In the letter, he bitterly criticized his detractors for being opposed to the idea.
  • "I understand from media reports that those privileged with their partisan interests over VisvaBharati have formally communicated to you opposing return of the road that passes through the ashram (Santiniketan) since it will adversely affect them.... We are insisting on our re- quest in order to save Vis va-Bharati's heritage buildings... Their arguments are based on the factors other than their concern for this great site of Santiniketan which is now a World Heritage Site," Prof. Chakra barty wrote. 
  • He said Visva-Bharati's kindergarten school, Ananda Pathshala, was located next to this road and any irresponsible driving could pose a danger to children, and that the Archaeological Survey of India had warned against plying of vehicles, because they caused pollution and noise and were responsible for the gradual dilapidation of heritage buildings. 
  • He said that Visva Bha rati never stopped the playing of two-wheelers and those who would like to visit the place on foot, and that it "nurtured no design" to pose difficulties to any of those residing in the vicinity of the ashram 

52.Cong. distances itself Sc from Singhvi's X post on caste-based survey 

  • The Congress on Tuesday questioned how Prime Minister Narendra Modi could claim to be a leader from the Other Backward Classes (OBC) community if his government would not conduct a caste survey. 
  • The party also distanced itself from the now- deleted comments of Abhishek Singhvi who, in a post on X, had said that the formula of ensuring rights "proportionate to the strength of a community" would lead to "majoritarianism". 
  • Captain Ajay Yadav (retired), who heads the party's OBC department, asserted that the Bihar caste survey would change the direction of politics as well as policy. "Modi ji says that he is an OBC leader as he is from the Teli community. He must be a fake OBC, or else he would have con- ducted a caste census," he said. He said that the last caste census from which data was made public was held in 1931, when OBCS were reported to be 52% of the population. 
  • "Now, the Bihar data shows it to be 63%, an 11% NEW jump," he noted.
  • While top Congress The leaders, including former Tues party chief Rahul Gandhi, peti held that the rights of a legal community should be proportionate to its population share, CWC membered Mr. Singhvi had taken a different line. In a now deleted post, he had said that "equality of opportunities is never the same as the equality of outcomes' '.
  • "People endorsing #jitth niabadiutnahaq has to first completely understand the consequences of it. It will eventually culminate into majoritarianism," he had said. Mr. Yadav rejected this formula and said, "This is not the party C line." Congress leader Jaram Ramesh also said that Mr. Singhvi's post may be a reflection of his personal views. " no way does it reflect the position of the Indian National Congress, the essence of which is contained both in the Raipur Declaration on 26th February, 2023 and in the CWC Resolution of September 16th, 2023," he said.

53.Heat on Yogi govt. as Oppn., allies push for Bihar-like caste survey exercise in U.P. 

  • The Bihar government's decision to release its caste survey report on Monday has increased the clamor for a similar exercise in Uttar Pradesh, with not only Opposition parties but also allies of the ruling BJP pushing for it on Tuesday. 
  • Describing the Bihar survey as the first step towards ensuring the constitutional rights of Other Backward Classes (OBCs), Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) president Mayawati said the U.P. the government should now change its intentions and policies as per the public sentiments and start the caste census/survey immediately. "... But the right solution will be found only when the Union government conducts the caste census at the national level and ensures the due rights of OBCs," she posted on X (formerly Twitter). 
  • Samajwadi Party, the principal Opposition party, and the Congress also demanded a caste survey in U.P.. "We have been categorical on the issue from the beginning. Without knowing the population, economic condition of each caste group, how can government policies be implemented?" said Sunil Singh Yadav 'Sajan', the SP national spokesperson. 
  • All three allies of the BJP the Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party (SBSP), a Rajbhar, OBC-centric party led by Om Prakash Rajbhar; the Nishad Party led by State Minister Sanjay Nishad; and Apna Dal (Sonelal), which gets support from Kurmis, numerically the second-most dominant OBC group after Yadavs in U.P. also espoused the cause. "Our party is a part of the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance, but we demand a caste census in U.P.. The issue is non-nego tiable for us," Mr. Rajbhar told The Hindu.
  • In Rae Bareli, Union Minister Anupriya Patel of Apna Dal (Sonelal) said such a survey "is the need of the hour to gather authentic data and solve issues of Backward Castes", also pitching for a separate Ministry for the OBCs. 
  • While U.P. CM Yogi Adityanath, in the recently concluded monsoon session of the Assembly, clearly stated that there are no plans to conduct a caste census in the State, the unanimity in demand from its allies might force the BJP to rethink its decision and plan an aggressive counter strategy banking upon its outreach to OBCs through political representation and economic policies, and Prime Minister Narendra Modi's appeal.

Post a Comment

Previous Post Next Post