Current Affairs | National | International | SSC | UPSC 10th April 2024

National News 

1. India eyes 100 GW nuclear power by 2047: AEC 

  • India aims to increase its nuclear power production to 1 lakh MW by 2047, a significant jump from the current 8,000 MW. 
  • This goal was highlighted by Atomic Energy Commission Chairman A K Mohanty at the release of a report on energy transitions. 
  • He said the breeder reactors would contribute 3 GW of nuclear power, while 17.6 GW would come from light water reactors built with international cooperation and another 40-45 GW would come from the pressurized heavy water reactors. 

2. Government of India acquires operating rights of Myanmar's Sittwe Port as its second foreign port 

  • The Ministry of External Affairs has approved the proposal of India Ports Global (IPGL) to take over the entire operations of Sittwe Port located on the Kaladan River in Rakhine State of Myanmar. Thus, Myanmar's Sittwe Port became the second international port to come under the control of India Ports Global Limited after Iran's Shahid Beheshti Port, Chabahar. 
  • India Ports Global Limited is a subsidiary of Sagarmala Development Company Limited, which is under the Union Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways. India now has full operating rights over the Sittwe port, unlike limited control over the two terminals at Chabahar. 
  • The recently approved deal includes a long-term lease of the port to India, which will be renewed every three years. IPGL will mobilize resources to further develop the port. 
  • Amid Myanmar's civil unrest, security concerns loom large, especially in Rakhine state where Sittwe is located, due to the ongoing conflict between the Myanmar Army and insurgent groups such as the Arakan Army. 

Sittwe Port 

  • The development of Sittwe Port in Rakhine State of Myanmar is part of the Kaladan Multimodal Transit Transport Project signed between India and Myanmar. Which will connect Sittwe port to Mizoram state of India. 
  • This port was built with a grant of $500 million given to Myanmar from India. The waterways and road network of the Kaladan Project will significantly improve connectivity for Mizoram and Tripura. 
  • Union Minister for Ports, Shipping & Waterways and AYUSH, Shri Sarbananda Sonowal formally inaugurated the Kaladan Project on 9 May 2023. He received the first Indian cargo ship, which sailed from Syama Prasad Mukherjee Port in Kolkata to Sittwe Port. 

Kaladan Multimodal Project 

  • Under this, 158 km waterway is being developed from Sittwe port on Kaladan River to Paletwa in Myanmar. Additionally, a 109 km road network is being developed from Paletwa to Zorinpui on the India-Myanmar border in the state of Mizoram. 

3. For the first time, the Supreme Court recognized the right to be free from the adverse effects of climate change. 

  • The Supreme Court of India on April 5, 2024, for the first time recognized the right against the adverse effects of climate change, saying that it is linked with the right to life and equality which is embedded in the Indian Constitution. 
  • These arguments were part of the decision by a three-judge bench headed by Chief Justice of India DY Chandrachud hearing a case on the conservation of the Great India Bustard and the Lesser Florican. 
  • The Court said that Articles 14 (equality before law and equal protection of laws) and 21 (right to life and personal liberty) of the Indian Constitution are important sources of this right. 
  • At the outset, the Court stated that the absence of legislation in India with respect to climate change would not mean that "the people of India have no rights against the adverse effects of climate change." 
  • Subsequently, the Court cited landmark judgments including MC Mehta vs. Kamal Nath and Virendra Gaur vs. State of Haryana. Which has recognized the right to a clean environment as a part of Article 21 of the Constitution. However, at the same time, the Court also underlined that "it has not yet been made clear that people have a right against the adverse effects of climate change." 
  • “If climate change and environmental degradation cause acute food and water shortages in a particular region, poor communities will suffer more than rich communities. In each of these cases the right to equality will undoubtedly be affected.” 

Great Indian Bustard Committee 

  • Earlier a three-judge bench had constituted an expert committee to examine the scope, feasibility and extent of installing overhead and underground powerlines in areas considered 'priority' for the conservation of the Great Indian Bustard (GIB). 
  • The Court constituted the above committee, which is required to submit a report on or before July 31, 2024. 
  • The bench overturned the complete ban imposed in 2021 against overhead power lines in an area of 99,000 square kilometers covering parts of Gujarat and Rajasthan for the safety of birds. 
  • The bench, also comprising Justices JB Pardiwala and Manoj Mishra, modified the apex court's previous order dated April 19, 2021, which had ordered sweeping directions for undergrounding of high-voltage and low-voltage power lines. 

5. States, U.T.s asked to submit data on heat stroke cases 

  • The States and Union Territories should submit data on heat stroke cases and deaths on the Integrated Health Information Portal (IHIP), the National Centre for Disease Control has said in an advisory to State Health departments as summer heat intensifies in the country. 
  • With elections around the corner, the center has also issued directions on preventing health issues during mass gatherings. These include early warnings, avoiding activities between noon and 3 p.m., and an assessment of venues with a medical team for setting up medical camps. 
  • Directing organizers to ensure that there are no overcrowded pockets during events, the center said that vulnerable people should be identified at entry checkpoints and monitored with the help of voice 
  • Meanwhile, doctors have also warned about the rising temperature and noted that people should lunteers/cameras on site. Events are also supposed to have uniformed medical aid teams, detailed venues with indications to the nearest exit and proper indications about the exits. "Keep effective communication between the healthcare team and event stakeholders," the center has said blood clots also. Hence, maintenance of adequate hydration is essential," said Navinath M., consultant nephrologist, Asian Institute of Nephrology and Urology (AINU), Chennal. look out for symptoms of sun allergies and dehydration, including dizziness, headache, excessive thirst, dryness of mouth, de- crease in urine output, and fainting. 
  • "With the escalating temperatures, there is a noticeable uptick in cases of sun allergies and sun burn among individuals. It's crucial to time outdoor activities wisely and use the time when the sun's rays are less intense. We strongly advocate for the application of sunscreen to exposed skin areas and advise limiting sun exposure to 5-10 minutes on the upper back," explained Aakansha Arora, child specialist, Ujala Cygnus Group of Hospitals. "We're witnessing a concerning trend, with approximately 20% of our daily patients presenting with sun-related allergies, including rashes and pigmentation issues. Children and individuals engaged in outdoor occupations are particularly vulnerable," she added. 

International News 

6. 57 companies account for 80% of greenhouse gas emissions since 2016 

  • According to a report released by thinktank ‘InfluenceMap’. Just 57 companies are responsible for 80% of the world’s carbon emissions from fossil fuels and cement since 2016. 
  • These 57 companies are involved in the production of oil, gas, coal and cement in the world. 
  • Although governments pledged in Paris to cut greenhouse gases, the analysis reveals that most mega-producers increased their output of fossil fuels and related emissions in the seven years after that climate agreement, compared with the seven years before. 
  • In the database of 122 of the world’s biggest historical climate polluters, the researchers found that 65% of state entities and 55% of private-sector companies had scaled up production. 
  • During this period, the biggest investor-owned contributor to emissions was ExxonMobil of the United States, which was linked to 3.6 gigatonnes of CO2 over seven years, or 1.4% of the global total. Close behind were Shell, BP, Chevron and Total Energies, each of which was associated with at least 1% of global emissions. 
  • The most striking trend, however, was the surging growth of emissions related to state and state-owned producers, particularly in the Asian coal sector. 

7. Zimbabwe launched new gold-backed currency to tackle inflation 

  • Zimbabwe’s central bank has launched a new “structured currency” backed by gold to tackle sky-high inflation and stabilise the country’s long-floundering economy. 
  • The new currency – called Zim Gold (ZiG) – will be backed by foreign currencies, gold and precious minerals, John Mushayavanhu, the governor of Zimbabwe’s Reserve Bank. 
  • The move is aimed at fostering “simplicity, certainty, predictability” in Zimbabwe’s financial affairs, and he also presented the new banknotes that come in eight denominations ranging from one to 200 ZiG. 
  • The new notes feature a drawing of gold ingots being minted, as well as Zimbabwe’s famous Balancing Rocks, which already appeared on the old ones. 
  • Zimbabweans have 21 days to convert their old cash into new money, Mushayavanhu said. 

About Zimbabwe 

  • Capital – Harare 
  • Continent – Africa 
  • President – Emmerson Mnangagwa 

8. EU and India join hands to nurture startups in EV battery recycling field 

  • The European Union (EU) and India have launched an Expression of Interest (EoI) for startups working in Battery Recycling Technologies for Electric Vehicles (EVs) for a matchmaking event. 
  • The matchmaking aims to enhance the cooperation between European and Indian Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) and startups in the clean and green technologies sector. 
  • The intended exchange of knowledge and expertise will be instrumental in advancing the circularity of rare materials and transitioning towards carbon neutrality in both India and the EU. 
  • This initiative takes place under the India-EU Trade & Technology Council (TTC), announced by India and the European Commission in New Delhi on 25th April 2022. 
  • This event is also part of a broader effort to promote a sustainable agenda, foster innovation, and forge stronger economic relations between the European Union and India. 

State News 

9. Center orders recall of 5,000 CAPF troops from Manipur 

  • The Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) fas ordered the withdrawal of around 5,000 Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) personnel from Manipur 
  • The two Lok Sabha seats in the violence-hit State will witness polling on April 19 and 25. 
  • A senior government official said that the MHA had ordered the pulling out of 50 companies (each company has around 100 personnel) of CAPFs, mainly drawn from the Central Reserve Police Force and the Border Security Force, from the violence-hit State. Ethnic violence erupted in the State on May 3, 2023. After violence erupted, around 36,000 personnel from the Indian Army and the CAPFs were deployed in the State 
  • The official said that the police will have to work with the limited resources provided and ensure a smooth election. 

Defence News 

10. Indian Army acquires Russian Man Portable Air Defense System ‘Igla-S’ 

  • The Indian Army has acquired IglaS Man Portable Air Defense System (MANPADS) from Russia to enhance its Very Short Range Air Defense (VSHORAD) capabilities. This acquisition replaces the older Igla1M system 
  • The Indian Army has received the first batch of 24 Russian-made IglaS Man Portable Air Defense Systems (MANPADS) with 100 missiles as part of a larger deal that also includes domestic production in India. 
  • The Igla-S is a hand-held defense system that can be operated by one person or by a crew. It is designed to shoot down low-flying aircraft and can also detect and neutralize aerial targets such as cruise missiles and drones. 
  • The purchase is part of a larger deal for 120 launchers and 400 missiles. The Igla-S system, consisting of a 9M342 missile, a 9P522 launching mechanism, a 9V866-2 mobile test station and a 9F719-2 test set. 
  • The procurement process was started under an agreement signed with Russia in November last year, the first batch of which was sourced from Russia itself. However, subsequent production will be localized in India, in line with the country's goal of selfreliance in defense manufacturing. 
  • Designed for deployment in high mountainous terrain on the northern border, the Igla-S system has already been received by one regiment, with further deliveries expected to equip additional formations. 


  • The request for proposal (RFP) for VSHORADs was issued in 2010 under the previous United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government. In 2018, Russia's Rosoboronexport-built Igla-S won the competitive bidding as the lowest bidder (L1) over France's MBDA-built Mistral and Sweden's SAAB-built RBS 70 NG. 

Appointment News

11. Harendra Singh appointed as national women’s hockey coach 

  • Former Indian Hockey player and Dronacharya awardee Harendra Singh has been selected by Hockey India as the coach of the senior national women’s hockey team. 
  • He will be appointed coach until the 2028 Los Angeles Olympics. 
  • Harendra Singh will replace Janneke Schopman of Holland Janneke Schopman.
  • Schopman is a former Dutch hockey player, resigned last month as the coach of the national women’s team after the Indian team failed to qualify for the Paris Olympics 2024. 

Recent Appointment 

  • Head of committee to protect Delhi’s forests – Justice Najmi Waziri 
  • CEO of Wipro – Srinivas Pallia (replace Thierry Delaporte) 
  • Chairman of National Cooperative Dairy Federation of India Ltd – Meenesh Shah 
  • DG of Electronics & Mechanical Engineers – J S Sidana 
  • CMD of Konkan Railway Corporation Ltd. – Santosh Kumar Jha 

Awards News

12. Dr. Agarwal’s Eye Hospital wins ‘Best Scientific Poster Award’ 2024 

  • Dr Agarwal’s Eye Hospital’s research team have been honoured with the prestigious ‘Best Scientific Poster Award’ at the 2024 Annual Meeting of the American Society for Cataract and Refractive Surgery (ASCRS). 
  • This recognition comes in light of their groundbreaking study on ‘The efficacy of RevitalVision vision-training software in improving best-corrected vision in stable keratoconus patients post Crosslinking surgery.’ 
  • In the study by Dr. Agarwal’s Eye Hospital, stable keratoconus patients undergoing RevitalVision vision-training software post Crosslinking surgery experienced a significant improvement in their vision. 
  • Statistical analysis revealed an average improvement of 2.5 lines on the visual acuity test chart, providing tangible evidence of the software’s efficacy in enhancing patient outcomes. 

Recent Awards 

  • “Medal of Honour” at Consular Day 2024 – Neeraj A Sharma 
  • “On The Spot Unit Citation” for anti-piracy ops by Navy Chief – INS Sharda 
  • American Surgical Association (ASA) Fellowship – Dr Raghu Ram 
  • 15th CIDC Vishwakarma Awards 2024 – SJVN Limited 
  • SKOCH ESG Award 2024 in Renewable Energy Financing Category – REC Limited
  • International Culture Award 2024 – Meena Charanda 

13. Neeraj Sharma receives prestigious “Medal of Honour” at Consular Day 2024 

  • Neeraj A Sharma, the Honorary Consul General of The Republic of Palau in India, was honored with the esteemed “Medal of Honour” by the Honorary Consular Corps Diplomatique-India (HCCD-India) during the annual Consular Day event held at the ITC Grand Chola in Chennai. 
  • The Consular Day 2024 event, organized by HCCD-India, was a gathering of distinguished guests, representing elite individuals and the international fraternity. 
  • The award was presented by Tamil Nadu Governor R. N. Ravi during the ceremony. 

About Honorary Consular Corps Diplomatique (HCCD) 

  • Established in 1995, HCCD-India aims to promote mutual understanding among Honorary Consular officers in India and abroad. 
  • Through the exchange of information, ideas, and suggestions, the organization endeavors to enhance the role of Honorary Consuls General and Honorary Consuls in international relations. 

14. Yulia Navalnaya will be honored with the 'German Democracy Award’ 

  • Late Russian opposition activist Alexei Navalny and his wife Yulia Navalnaya will be honored with the “German Democracy Prize” this year from a leading German platform for media freedom. 
  • According to Weimar Media Group, which funds the prize, the prize ceremony will take place on April 19, 2024, at the Ludwig Erhard Summit in Gmund am Tegernsee, south of Munich. Germany's conservative opposition leader Friedrich Merz will speak at the event. 
  • The decision to honor Alexei Navalny and Yulia Navalnaya with the Freedom Prize underscores Russia's ongoing efforts to keep their fight for democracy and human rights at the forefront of the international community's attention. 
  • Yulia Navalnaya is a brave leader of the resistance movement in Russia. Alexey died in a Siberian prison camp at the hands of Vladimir Putin's henchmen on February 16, 2024. For many years, Navalny has been the most prominent opposition activist in Russia. 
  • It is awarded to public figures who have shown special commitment to freedom of expression, dialogue and democracy. Russian politician and former chess grandmaster Garry Kasparov received the award in 2023, with other previous recipients including Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky and former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev. 

Science & Technology News 

15. Tata launches India’s first private earth observation satellite 

  • Tata Advanced Systems (TASL), Tata Sons’ wholly-owned subsidiary, has launched India’s first private sector-built sub-metre resolution earth observation satellite, TSAT-1A, in collaboration with Satellogic.
  • The satellite was launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, by SpaceX. 
  • The satellite was assembled at TASL’s facility in Karnataka. Elon Musk’s SpaceX launched a total of 11 satellites in its maiden Bandwagon flight. 
  • TSAT-1A will provide high-resolution satellite images with low-latency delivery. The Indian armed forces are expected to be one of its major users. 
  • This is the first sub-metre high-resolution earth observation satellite by the private sector in India. The satellite, weighing less than 50 kg, is in low-earth orbit. 
  • TASL is focusing on four areas: assembly, integration, and testing of the satellite and launching it from either SpaceX or ISRO; data download; processing raw data and adding layers of AI; and satellite control centre. 

Important day 

16. 10 April – World Homeopathy Day 

  • World Homeopathy Day is observed every year on April 10. The day commemorates the birth anniversary of Dr Samuel Hahnemann. 
  • Objective – To raise awareness about homeopathy by bringing practitioners, and supporters together from all around the world. 
  • Theme 2024 – Homeoparivar: One Health, One Family 
  • The name homeopathy is derived from the Greek ‘homeo’, which denotes similar, and ‘pathos’ means suffering or disease. It is a practice that believes in curing the disease based on the principle of ‘like cures like’. 

What is Homoeopathy? 

  • Homoeopathy is a therapeutic method of treatment based on the concept of individualisation and holism. 
  • Homoeopathy is a unique system of medicine in terms of its sources and preparation. 
  • Method of preparation includes the potentisation of medicinal substance to the minute level by which the most inert substance can become the most potent dynamic medicine, enough to stimulate the body’s self-healing capability. 

Ranks & Reports News 

17. India likely to record normal monsoon this year, says Skymet 

  • India is likely to experience a normal monsoon this year, the private weather forecasting agency Skymet said on Tuesday and forecast more rainfall in the second half of the season. 
  • Scientists at the India Meteorological Department ment (IMD) have also directed early signs of a favorable monsoon this year with fading El Nino conditions and reduced snow cover over Eurasia. 
  • The Met office will issue a monsoon forecast later this month. However, normal cumulative rainfall does not mean uniform temporal and spatial distribution of rain across the country, with climate change further increasing the variability of the rain-bearing 
  • Rainy days are declining. Climate scientists say the number of rainy days is declining while heavy rain -events-more rain over a short period are increasing, leading to frequent droughts and floods. 
  • Northeast India is likely to receive less than normal rainfall during the first half of the season 
  • Skymet said the upcoming monsoon is expected to be "normal", accounting for 102% (with an erтог margin of 5%) of the long period average (LPA) of 868.6 mm for the four months from June to September. 
  • Rainfall between 96% and 104% of the LPA is considered normal. 
  • Skymet expects sufficiently good rain in the south, west, and northwest regions. The core monsoon rain-fed zones of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh will receive adequate rainfall. However, the eastern States of Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, and West Bengal are at risk of deficit rainfall during the peak monsoon months of July and August. Northeast India is British citizen Russ Cook became the first person to run Africa's longest race of 16000 km. 
  • British national Russ Cook, known as the "Hardest Geyser", has successfully completed a challenging trek which took him over 352 days to complete. During his journey, he covered more than 10,000 miles, passing through 16 countries. 
  • Mr. Cook began his journey on April 22, 2023, from the village of L'Agulhas, South Africa's southernmost point, and faced various obstacles, including visa issues, health concerns, and an armed robbery, covering a total of more than 16,000 kilometers to reach Ras Angela, Tunisia's northernmost point. 
  • Mr Cook believes he is the first person to run across Africa, and he hopes his achievement will inspire others to take up the sport. He had covered the distance of approximately 376 marathons. 
  • These 16 countries include Namibia, Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Cameroon, Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Senegal, Mauritania and Algeria etc. 
  • As well as raising a ton of money for some important causes, so far almost £600,000 ($758,160.00) has been raised for two charities, Sandblast and Running Charity. likely to observe less than normal rains during the first half of the season. 

18. Digital forensics firm with iPhone-cracking technology lists ED as one of its clients 

  • The Enforcement Directorate (ED) is a client of a cyber forensics firm that has access to iPhone-cracking hardware, according to the firm's website. Nextechno -Gen, a Delhi-based firm, lists the ED as a client. It also has a section on its website dedicated to Cellebrite, an Israeli tech firm that has acquired a global reputation for being able to break into Apple Inc.'s iPhones, which are advertised as secure. 
  • Nextechno Gen's connection with the ED comes at a time when the financial law enforcement agency has stated in court that Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal has refused to cooperate in unlocking an iPhone that was seized from him; lawyers for Mr. Kejriwal, who has been in custody since his arrest last month, defended that refusal, arguing that investigators might leak the contents of his phone and serve partisan aims. Apple has told investigators that the company is by design unable to unlock a pin-protected device. 
  • "As a practice, out of respect for our relationships, we do not divulge specific customer information," Victor Cooper, a Cellebrite spokesperson said in a statement to The Hindu. Mr. Cooper confirmed that Cellebrite had an India office to "assist our customers". He said Cellebrite's products were required to be used by law enforcement agencies with transparency safeguards and agency-specific standard operating procedures. 
  • Nextechno Gen did not respond to questions from The Hindu, and neither did the ED. The Indian Army, the police forces of Bihar, Kerala, and Kolkata and Delhi's Forensic Science Laboratory are also listed as Nextechno Gen's in clients. 
  • Advocate Prasanna S. said that while people are generally protected against giving up passwords to their devices under Indian ha jurisprudence, the police generally have a wide berth in terms of finding such information themselves. Mr. Prasanna is assisting petitioners in the Ram Ramaswamy v. Union of India case, which is one of multiple petitions calling for restrictions around device seizure. "Our argument is that [inspecting seized devices) requires a warrant, and even if you break in, you can't completely clone all the data, and if you do, you can't inspect everything except F what you want," he said. 

19. John Alfred made the Guinness record of the world's oldest living man 

  • 111-year-old British Englishman John Alfred Tinniswood has been awarded the title of the world's oldest living man by Guinness World Records. 
  • It follows the death this month of Venezuelan record-holder Juan Vicente Pérez at the age of 114. Gisaburo Sonobe of Japan, who lived the next longest, died on March 31 at the age of 112. 
  • Tinniswood's care home in Southport, northwest England, was awarded a certificate by Guinness World Records. Born in Liverpool on August 26, 1912, a few months after the sinking of the Titanic, Tinniswood lived through two world wars, serving in the British Army Pay Corps in the Second World War. 
  • The retired accountant said that moderation is the key to a healthy life. He never smokes, drinks very little alcohol and has no special diet apart from eating fish and chips once a week. 

World's oldest living woman 

  • The world's oldest living woman is 117-year-old Maria Branyas Moreira of Spain. Maria Branyas Moreira was born on March 4, 1907 in San Francisco, where her family had immigrated in October 1906. 
  • Celebrating his 117th birthday on March 4, 2024, Branyas Moreira is the world's oldest living person as of January 2023, according to the Guinness Book of World Records. She is the last living person in Europe born in 1907 and the last person to live in Spain in the first decade of the 1900s. 

20. Gross mismanagement India is falling behind in efforts to control tuberculosis 

  •  With less than two years left to achieve the ambitious goal set by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2018 to "eliminate TB in India, the pharmacy of the Global South is once again struggling to treat patients with drug-sensitive TB. Shockingly, India is experiencing a TB drug shortage, with increasing frequency. Just seven months ago, there was an acute shortage of critical MDR-TB drugs; disruptions in drug supply, which began with drug-sensitive medicines in 2022 and snowballed to include MDR-TB drugs, lasted for nearly a year. 
  • Similarly, in September 2021, India faced a stock-out of MDR-TB drug Delamanid. Delay in diagnosis and treatment initiation are already a huge concern in the TB care cascade. Patients who start therapy but fail to achieve treatment success is another gap. However, addressing this gap, which takes drug availability for granted, will become harder if drug stock outs become a recurring issue. A 2010 study found that non-availability of drugs was responsible for 8% of non-adherent patients missing treatment. Making sure that medicines for different categories of TB patients are always available across India is a no-brainer. That 14 years later and close to the target date of 2025, there is still a shortage of drug-sensitive TB medicines, which are manufactured entirely in India by multiple players, only underscores how poorly the national TB programme is being managed. 
  • Renaming the National TB Control Programme as the National TB Elimination Programme in line with Mr. Modi's goal without addressing the fundamentals such as drug availability reeks of incompetence and a lack of seriousness in the war against TB. What makes the situation worse is the Health Ministry's permission to States to procure drugs locally at the last minute, creating huge challenges at the field level. A March 18, 2024 Health Ministry circular to all States mentions that the supply of certain drug-sensitive medicines may get "delayed due to unforeseen and extraneous circumstances''. While States have been asked to procure drugs locally for a period of three months, the circular also gives an option for States to reimburse the cost of medicines procured by patients in case the district health facilities fail to provide them free drugs. If the last minute permission to States for local procurement is condemnable, leaving it to the patients to buy medicines themselves, even as a last resort, is abominable, given the poor socioeconomic background of most TB patients. Far from reaching the 2025 goal, India does not seem to have a handle on the most basic elements of TB control. 

Sports News 

21. Virat Kohli became the player with most centuries in the history of IPL 

  • Virat Kohli has created the record of most centuries in the history of the Indian Premier League (IPL) by scoring his 8th century in the Indian Premier League (IPL) against Rajasthan Royals (RR) at the Sawai Mansingh Stadium in Jaipur on 6 April 2024. 
  • Kohli scored his first century in 2016, behind him is Chris Gayle who has scored six IPLP centuries while Jos Buttler has five centuries to his name. KL Rahul, Shane Watson and David Warner have all scored four centuries in cricket's richest league. 
  • With this, Kohli has now scored a total of 9 centuries in T20 cricket. Kohli moved to third place in the list of most centuries by a male cricketer in the history of T20 cricket. 
  • Chris Gayle tops the list with 22 centuries in T20 cricket. The second player in the list is Pakistan's Babar Azam who has scored 11 centuries. Kohli's only T20 International century came against Afghanistan in the Asia Cup 2022 at the Dubai Intentional Cricket Stadium in UAE. 
  • Kolhi did not make records just with a century. He became the record holder for most catches by a non-wicketkeeping fielder in the history of IPL. He overtook Suresh Raina who had taken 109 catches in 205 matches, Kohli now has 110 in 242 matches. 

22. Mohammedan Sporting of Kolkata won the title of 'I-League 2023-24' 

  • Kolkata's Mohammedan Sporting won the I-League 2023-24 by defeating Shillong Lajong Club 2-1 at the SSA Ground in Shillong, Meghalaya on 6 April 2024. The 133- year-old Kolkata-based club also secured a place in next season's Indian Super League, subject to meeting the Indian Club Licensing Premier 1 criteria. 
  • Mohammedan Sporting has also qualified for next year's AFC Cup, which will be organized by the Asian Football Federation. 
  • Mohammedan Sporting has never won the I-League since its inception in 2007–08. This was the prestigious Kolkata Football Club's first I-League title. The I-League football tournament is played in a round-robin format where teams play against each other. The team that scores the most points is declared the winner. 
  • Alexis Gomez and Evgeny Kozlov scored for Mohammedan Sporting, while Douglas Tardin converted a penalty to score the only goal of the match for Shillong Lajong Club. 


  • The I-League is a professional men's football league started by the All India Football Federation (AIFF) in 2007–08. The I-League replaced the National Football League. The National Football League was started by the AIFF in 1996. 
  • Dempo Sports Club of Gao won the first I-League in 2007–08. It is also the most successful team in ILeague history, having won the title 3 times. The champion team of 2022–23 was RoundGlass Punjab. 

Polity News 

23. 'No future elections if PM Modi is re-elected’ 

  • Political economist and husband of Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, Parakala Prabhakar, said if the BJP wins the upcoming Lok Sabha polls and Prime Minister Narendra Modi is re-elected again in 2024, then there will never be elections in the country again. 
  • "PM Modi himself will give a hate speech from the Red Fort and a situation like Ladakh-Manipur will arise in the entire country," Mr. Prabhakar is heard saying in a video shared by Congress's handle. official X 
  • In the video, Mr. Prabhakar also alleged that the Constitution and map of the country will change if PM Modi and his Cabinet return to power. 
  • He also said that the unrest in Manipur will be the norm across India.

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