Current Affairs | National | International | SSC | UPSC 24th April 2024

National News 

1. Reliance Jio emerges as World’s largest mobile operator in data traffic 

  • Reliance Jio become the world’s largest mobile operator in terms of data traffic, ahead of China Mobile. 
  • The total traffic on the Jio network has reached 40.9 Exabytes, which is a 35.2 percent year-on-year increase. Also, Jio has a very strong and wide subscriber base of 481.8 million. 
  • Jio has also become the first Indian company to cross the ₹100,000-crore threshold in pre-tax profits. 
  • The annual data traffic has dramatically increased by 2.4 times since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, and the monthly per capita data usage has skyrocketed to 28.7 GB from just 13.3 GB three years ago. 

2. Supreme Court declared two years child care leave as constitutional right of women employees 

  • In a landmark judgment, the Supreme Court declared that mandatory 180 days of maternity leave, as well as two years of child care leave, is a constitutional right for women employees. 
  • A bench headed by Chief Justice DY Chandrachud and Justice JB Pardiwala emphasized that denial of such leave forces the women to resign. The Court said that equal right of women to work without any hindrance is inherent under Article 15 of the Constitution. 
  • The decision came after a petition by Shalini Dharmani, an assistant professor from Himachal Pradesh, whose child requires constant care. The court directed the state to set up a committee to review the policy. 
  • Shalini Dharmani, an assistant professor at a government college in Himachal Pradesh, has a child suffering from osteogenesis imperfecta (brittle bone disease), a rare genetic disorder that requires frequent surgeries and constant attention. 
  • He regretted that despite his existing leave being over, the Himachal Pradesh government had denied him childcare leave- CCL, citing the absence of a specific provision in the state's service rules similar to Section 43-C of the Central Civil Services (Leave) Rules. 
  • As per Rule 43 of CCL Rules, female Government servants with children below 18 years of age, whose regular leave has exhausted, can avail Child Care Leave up to 2 years (730 days) to take care of their children. 
  • This leave can be used for any child-related needs such as examination or illness. The rule also specifies that during this leave, mothers will be paid their regular salary. 

3. Air India signed codeshare pact with Japan’s All Nippon Airways 

  • Air India has entered into a codeshare partnership with Japan’s All Nippon Airways. 
  • With the codeshare, effective for travel from May 23, Air India and All Nippons Airways passengers can fly to their desired destination by combining those flights between India and Japan with a single ticket. 
  • Air India will add its ‘AI’ designator code on ANA’s flights between Tokyo Haneda and Delhi as well as Tokyo Narita and Mumbai. 
  • ANA will add its ‘NH’ designator code on Air India’s flight between Tokyo Narita and Delhi. 

3. Govt. should act on FMCG firms using misleading ads: SC 

  • The Supreme Court on Tuesday said the Centre should "activate itself" against Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) companies if they employ "misleading advertisements" about their products to target credulous consumers, especially families with babies and school children. 
  • "The misleading advertisements of FMCGs take the public for a ride, particularly families, affecting their health. The issue concerns even the health of babies and school children," Justice Hima Kohli, heading a Bench with Justice Ahsanuddin Amanullah, observed. The court voiced its concern amid recent reports alleging higher sugar content in Nestle's baby food products sold in India as well as in African and Latin American countries. The Union Consumer Affairs Ministry has asked the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) to investigate the allegations against the leading FMCG. 
  • "If these advertisements target babies and children, if that is happening, the Union has to activate itself," Justice underscored Kohli.
  • SC tears into Patanjali over public apology 
  • On Monday, the court widened the scope of the case and decided to implement the Ministries of Consumer Affairs and Information and Broadcasting as parties in the case. The AYUSH Ministry is already represented in the case. Additional Solicitor General K.M. Nataraj appeared for the Union government. 
  • Justice Kohli asked whether the Centre was taking any efforts to identify FMCG companies which resort to misleading advertisements. 
  • Justice Kohli pointed out that the Advertising Standards Council of India had flagged 948 objectionable advertisements to the AYUSH Ministry in the past two years. 

4. Visa not extended, Australian journalist leaves India 'abruptly’ 

  • The New Delhi chief of bureau of Australia's state- run news outlet has stated that she had to leave India "abruptly" after government officials denied her a visa-extension. The public announcement by Avani Dias, the journalist, came after she and her team from the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) were questioned by an officer from the Criminal Intelligence Department when they were producing a programme on the Indian government's alleged targeted assassination of pro-Khalistan separatists in Western countries. Sources here have described her version as "misleading". 
  • "Last week, I had to leave India abruptly. The Modi Government told me my visa extension would be denied, saying my re- porting 'crossed a line'. After Australian Government intervention, I got a mere two-month extension...less than 24 hours before my flight. We were also told my election accreditation would not come through because of an Indian Ministry directive," Ms. Dias said in a post on X. 
  • The Hindu has learned that Ms. Dias and her crew were "intimidated" by government officials. 
  • Meanwhile, government sources said that Ms. Dias's sudden departure came as a surprise, citing the fact that the journalist had her-self paid the fees for visa extension a day prior to flying out, and the extension had been granted before she left. In addition, sources said that Ms. Diaz had been found to have flouted the BSF's security norms while filming at the Wagah border and the ABC film crew had not followed the visa norms for documentary-making while in India. They further described her version of events as "misleading". 

International News 

5. First International Rainbow Tourism Conference held in Nepal 

  • The first International Rainbow Tourism Conference was recently held in Nepal, with the aim of promoting the country as a safe and respectful destination for the sexual minority community in South Asia. Participants came from Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, Germany, Spain and America to participate in the conference. 
  • This one-day conference was organized by an NGO ‘Mayako Pehchan Nepal’ in collaboration with Nepal Tourism Board. This represents an important milestone in promoting diversity and inclusivity within the tourism industry, and an important step in creating a tourism industry that embraces diversity. 
  • The recently concluded conference, which saw the participation of around 120 people, was an important event that brought together members of the LGBTI (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex) community, various NGOs, activists, writers.
  • Nepal is a country that has been at the forefront of recognizing and promoting the rights of the LGBT community. Currently, more than 3,100 people belonging to this community are formally registered in the country. 
  • The country's constitution recognizes the rights of the LGBT community and has enacted several laws guaranteeing them equal treatment and a violencefree environment. 
  • In 2007, the court took a landmark decision and asked the government to enact laws recognizing third gender identities and eliminate all discriminatory laws. 
  • Justice Hari Phuyal of the Supreme Court of Nepal said the Supreme Court of Nepal stands by its commitment to uphold "justice and equality for all citizens". In June 2023, through an interim order, the court allowed same-sex marriage to be legally registered. 

6. Hindi radio broadcast started for the first time in Kuwait 

  • The Indian Embassy in Kuwait said on 22 April 2024 that the first Hindi radio broadcast has started in Kuwait. According to the Indian Embassy in Kuwait, the Indian community with a strength of approximately 1 million is the largest expatriate community in Kuwait and is considered the community of first choice among the expatriate communities. 
  • Indian Embassy in Kuwait appreciated the Ministry of Information of Kuwait for launching a Hindi program on Kuwait Radio on FM 93.3 and AM 96.3 every Sunday. The Indian Embassy in Kuwait said that this step taken will further strengthen relations between the two countries. 
  • Professionals like engineers, doctors, chartered accountants, scientists, software experts, management consultants, architects; Technicians and Nurses; Retailers and businessmen live in Kuwait. 
  • India has been Kuwait's natural trading partner, and until 1961, the Indian rupee was legal tender in Kuwait. The year 2021-22 marks the 60th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries. 
  • On April 17, Indian Ambassador to Kuwait, Adarsh Swaika met the Deputy Prime Minister of Kuwait, Sheikh Fahd Yousef Saud Al-Sabah and appreciated the expatriatefriendly measures initiated during his tenure and appreciated the development in the Indian community. 

State News 

7. The largest temple festival ‘Thrissur Pooram 2024’ organized in Kerala 

  • The southern Indian state of Kerala is renowned for its rich cultural tapestry, encompassing a wide variety of religions, landscapes, rituals and history. Thrissur Pooram is a grand temple festival celebrated in Kerala as well as all over the world. This year, Thrissur Pooram is celebrated on 20 April 2024.
  • It is celebrated in the Malayalam month of Medam and coincides with the rising of the moon along with the Pooram star. Thrissur Pooram festival sees people from all walks of society come together to celebrate it with music, processions, fairs and fireworks. Thrissur Pooram is a seven-day festival. 
  • Shakthan Thampuran, the ruler of Cochin from 1790 to 1805, started the Thrissur Pooram in 1796. In the past, temples used to participate in Arattupuzha Pooram, but due to heavy rainfall that year, they were not able to participate in it. 
  • To ensure that the tradition of temple festivals continued, Sakthin Thampuran decided to start his own temple festival in Thrissur, and thus Thrissur Pooram began to be celebrated. 
  • The temples participating in Thrissur Pooram are Tiruvambadi Sree Krishna Temple, Lalur Bhagavathy Temple, Sri Kartyayani Temple, Kanimangalam Temple, Nethila Kavu Bhagavathy Temple, Thiruvambadi Sree Krishna Temple, Paramekkavu Bagavathi Temple, Panmukkampalli Sastha Temple, Pookattikara - Karamukku Bhagavathy Temple, Chembukkavu Bhagavathy Temple , and Parakkottukavu Bhagavathy Temple. 
  • During the festival, 50 decorated elephants accompanied by traditional music march through Thekkinkadu Maidanam in Thrissur to the famous Vadakkunnathan Temple, where Lord Vadakkunnathan is worshipped. 

8. Voting for Lok Sabha 2024 for the first time by the tribal group of Great Nicobar 

  • For the first time, members of the Shompan, one of the specially weak tribal groups (PVTG) in the country and who live in dense tropical rain forests of the Great Nicobar Island, participated in the election process by casting their vote in Andaman and Nicobar Lok Sabha constituencies. 
  • Chief Electoral Officer of Andaman and Nicobar Islands B.S. Jaglan said, seven members of the tribe exercised their franchise. According to the 2011 census data, the estimated population of the Shompan was 229. 
  • The official said that the members of the Shompan tribe not only exercised their voting rights on the polling station 411 called 'Shompan Hat' built inside the Forest Employees Quarter, but they also took a selfie on a specified cut-out by the Election Commission of India. , On which it was written - "I must vote". 
  • The Shompan tribes were assisted in their language by an interpreter called 'Mathius' (a Nikobari tribal youth). 
  • A total of 12 candidates, including two women and five independents for the only Lok Sabha seat, will contest at 412 polling stations. However, the competition is between Congress candidate and current MP Kuldeep Rai Sharma and BJP candidate Bishnu Pad Re. 


  • The CEO said, "The other two primitive tribes like Onga and Great Andamani also exercised their voting rights like the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, but seven of the Shompan voters did this for the first time." 
  • An election official said that about 91 percent of the polling took place in Dugong Creek (Chhoti Andaman Tehsil in South Andaman district), where Ongi Primate tribes live especially. 
  • Similarly, the Straight Island also polled 100 percent, which is a particularly restricted area for the Great Andamani tribe. Sharma said, "All 39 of 39 Great Andamaniness exercised their voting rights."
  • The total number of voters in the Union Territory (UT) is 3,15148, including 1,64,012 male, 1,51,132 female and four voters in the third gender category. Voters include 39 Great Andamani tribes of the Straight Islands, 68 Ong tribes of Hat Bay and 98 Shompan tribes of Great Nicobar Island. 

9. Researchers from IIT Roorkee discovered fossils of the world's largest snake 'Vasuki Indicus' in Kutch, Gujarat 

  • Researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Roorkee have reported the discovery of the fossil 'Vasuki Indicus' of one of the largest snakes that once existed and possibly lived during a period called mid -EOCIN 47 million years ago. 
  • Fossil Panandro Lignite mine, Kutch, were found in Gujarat, and a reptile named Vasuki Indicus is as long as a long or modern school bus between 10 meters to 15 meters. Its size is equal to tyminoboa. 
  • A huge serpent named Vasuki Indicus is also mentioned in Hindu mythology, named Vasuki. The report was published in the Journal Scientific Reports. 
  • Debjit Dutta, a postdorter Fellow of Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IITR) and Debjit Dutta, coauthor of a study, emphasized the symbolic importance of naming the species. 
  • Professors Sunil Bajpai and Debjit Dutta of IIT Roorkee made significant discovery and stated that they found 27 pieces of the snake's "partial, well protected" vertebral column. It was now belonging to the extinct Madatsoide snake family, but represents a unique lineage of India. 
  • Reptiles existed when the Earth looked quite different from today, and Africa, India and South America were a joint territory. 

Banking and Financial News

10. BharatPe launches all-in-one payment device BharatPe One 

  • BharatPe has launched a payments device that combines point of sale (POS), QR code, and speaker functionalities. 
  • The payments startup will introduce BharatPe One in some 100 cities and expand to another 450 in six months. 
  • BharatPe One will streamline transactions for merchants, offering versatile payment acceptance options including dynamic and static QR codes, POS, and speaker capabilities, said the company. 
  • The device is part of BharatPe’s suite of simple, easy-to-use, and secure fintech products, which includes payments and business loans for its merchant partners. 
  • The device provides a comprehensive payment solution for businesses, helping them manage transactions efficiently. The device’s versatility allows merchants to cater to various customer preferences, enhancing the overall payment experience. 

Recent Facilities Launched in Banking & Insurance Sector 

  • Airtel Payments Bank launches NCMC-enabled Debit and Prepaid Cards 
  • SBI Life Insurance launched the 1st edition of ‘IdeationX’ to revolutionize the future of the insurance industry. 
  • BharatPe to launch a new app called ‘ZeroPe’, an app designed for medical loans. 
  • Bandhan Mutual Fund launched Bandhan Innovation Fund 
  • Canara Bank unveiled a series of new products Canara UPI 123PAY ASI, Canara HRMS Mobile App for Staff, Canara Angel, Canara Heal 

Appointment News

11. Nidhi Jain appointed as CVO of Cotton Corporation of India 

  • The Central Government has approved the appointment of Nidhi S Jain (IA&AS) as Chief Vigilance Officer (CVO) of Cotton Corporation of India Limited (CCI). 
  • She has been appointed to the post for an initial period of three years. 
  • Nidhi is an Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IA&AS) service officer of 2009-batch. Presently, she is posted as Director of Audit (Environment & Scientific Departments), Branch office, Mumbai. 

Recent Appointment 

  • CEO of Pine Labs’ Setu – Anand Raisinghani (replace Sahil Kini) 
  • MD of Intel for India region – Santosh Viswanathan 
  • Secretary of the Department of Posts – Vandita Kaul (replace Vineet Pandey) 
  • National Judicial Academy (NJC) Bhopal – Justice Aniruddha Bose 
  • As a Member of University Grants Commission (UGC) –Sachidananda Mohanty 
  • As member of 16th Finance Commission – Manoj Panda 

12. India’s Gita Sabharwal Appointed as UN Resident Coordinator in Indonesia 

  • UN Secretary-General António Guterres has appointed Gita Sabharwal of India as the United Nations resident coordinator in Indonesia. 
  • Sabharwal, brings close to 30 years of experience in development supporting climate transition, sustainable peace, governance and social policy, while leveraging digital technology and data to accelerate the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). 
  • Previously, Sabharwal served as the UN resident coordinator in Thailand and as peacebuilding and development adviser for the United Nations in Sri Lanka. 

Ranks & Reports News 

13. According to SIPRI report, India will rank fourth in global military expenditure in the year 2023. 

  • The latest report from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) projects a 6.8% increase in global military expenditure in 2023, reaching $2,443 billion. This significant growth is attributed to rising tensions, armed conflicts and global insecurity. 
  • After the United States, China and Russia, India has emerged as the fourth largest military spender globally by allocating $83.6 billion for defense in 2023. Which is 4.2 percent more than 2022.
  • This significant investment underlines India's commitment to enhance its defense capabilities along the China border, especially after the Ladakh standoff in 2020. 
  • India ranked fourth in global military spending in 2022 with an expenditure of $81.4 billion. This represents a massive growth of 47% since 2013. India has intensified its efforts to modernize its military infrastructure and capabilities, including the addition of fighter jets, helicopters, warships, tanks, artillery guns, rockets, missiles, unmanned systems and other combat technologies. 

Other Facts 

  • US military spending during the war with Ukraine increased by 2.3 percent to $916 billion, while Russia's military spending increased by 24 percent to an estimated $109 billion. 
  • As the world's second-largest military spender, China allocated an estimated $296 billion to its military in 2023, an increase of 6% from the previous year. 
  • Ukraine, the eighth-biggest spender, increased spending by 51 percent to $65 billion in 2023 and received at least $35 billion in military aid from other countries. This resulted in 37 percent of Ukraine's military burden and 58 percent of total government spending. 
  • Israel's military spending – the second largest in the Central Asian region after Saudi Arabia – is set to increase by 24 percent to $27.5 billion in 2023. Iran was the fourth largest military spender in the Middle East with $10.3 billion in 2023. 

Awards News

14. Famous Bangladeshi singer Rejwana Chaudhary honored with Padma Shri Award 

  • Famous Bangladeshi singer Rejwana Chaudhary Banya received the prestigious Padma Shri Award. India's President Draupadi Murmu presented the Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri Awards for the year 2024 at the Civil Acadequation ceremony held at Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi. 
  • He is an alumnus of Vishwa Bharati, Santiniketan. Rezana Chaudhary Banya received the award for his contribution in the field of art. A skilled professional singer from Bangladesh, she is a dedicated practice of Ravindra Sangeet. He sang "Vaishnav Jan To" to commemorate the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. 
  • Bannya is currently a professor and founding president of the dance department at Dhaka University. She runs a prestigious music school in Dhaka, which focuses on Ravindra music. 

Other foreign recipients 

  • Padma Bhushan Award 
  • Young Liu Taiwanese Technology is the Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Honorable High Technology Group, who is commonly known as Foxconn. 
  • Padma Shri 
  • Charlotte Chopin, who represented France, has been honored for his contribution to the field of yoga. 
  • Pierre Sylvan Filizat, recipient of literature and education from France, is recognized for his remarkable work. Kiran Vyas, approved in the "otheryoga" category from France, is observed for their contribution to yoga. 
  • Prakash Singh, a resident of Mexico, is recognized in the field of science and engineering. 
  • Sasindran Muthuwell, known for achievements in public affairs and coming from Papua New Guinea, has been awarded the Padma Award. 
  • France's Fred Negrit is appreciated for his achievements in literature and education. 

15. Puravankara bags CIDC Vishwakarma Award for Social Development and Impact 

  • Puravankara Limited, one of India’s most trusted and admired real estate developers, has bagged the Achievement Award for Creating Social Development and Impact at the 15th Edition of the Vishwakarma Awards, hosted by the Construction Industry Development Council (CIDC). 
  • CIDC is a joint initiative by the Niti Aayog and the Indian construction industry. 
  • The award recognises Puravankara’s exemplary efforts in driving positive change through its impactful campaigns, particularly its collaboration with the Biome Environmental Trust in rejuvenating heritage wells as part of the “Million Wells for Bengaluru” campaign. 
  • This initiative reflects Puravankara’s commitment to environmental sustainability and community empowerment. 

Recent Awards 

  • World Press Photo of the Year award 2024 – Mohammed Salem 
  • International Fellowship by the Engineering Academy of Japan – Kaushik Rajashekara 
  • Earns Frost & Sullivan’s 2023 Indian Company of the Year Award – STT GDC India 
  • Honorary doctorate from the prestigious Vels University in Chennai – Ram Charan
  • Young Global Leader in World Economic Forum’s Class 2024 – Adwaita Nayar 

16. Photographer Mohammad Salem won the ‘World Press Photo of the Year’ award for the year 2024. 

  • Mohammed Salem has won the 2024 World Press Photo of the Year award. In her photo, Inas Abu Mammar, a 36-year-old Palestinian woman, embraces the body of her 5-year-old niece Sally, who was killed in an Israeli strike on October 17, 2023, at Nasser Hospital in Khan Younis in the southern Gaza Strip. 
  • Salem, a 39-year-old Palestinian, has worked for Reuters since 2003. He also won an award in the 2010 World Press Photo Contest. 
  • Announcing its annual awards, the Amsterdam-based World Press Photo Foundation said it was important to recognize the dangers faced by journalists covering conflicts. 
  • It said 99 journalists and media workers covering the war between Israel and Hamas have been killed since the Palestinian militant group attacked southern Israel on October 7 and Israel launched a military offensive into Gaza. 
  • The jury selected the winning photographs from 61,062 entries from 3,851 photographers from 130 countries. 

Other Winner 

  • The Story of the Year category went to South African GEO photographer Lee-Ann Olvez's documentary of dementia in Madagascar Venezuela for the series "The Two Walls". 
  • Open Format Award – went to Ukrainian photographer Julia Kochetova for "War is Personal". 

17. Cillian Murphy won 21st Irish Film & Television Awards 2024 

  • The Oscar-nabbing success of Christopher Nolan’s Best Picture winner, Cillian Murphy emerged victorious once again at the 21st annual Irish Film & Television Awards (IFTAs), held in Dublin. 
  • The actor secured the coveted Best Actor award for his portrayal of the titular American physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer, which swept up a majority of the award season last year. 
  • The awards ceremony, held at the Dublin Royal Convention Centre and hosted by Baz Ashmawy, celebrated excellence in Irish cinema and television honouring established talents and emerging stars alike.
  • An adaptation of John McGahern’s novel about passion, war and migration – That They May Face the Rising Sun took home the top prize for Best Film at the ceremony. 
  • Director Lisa Mulcahy received the Best Director award for Lies We Tell, while Elisabeth Gooch won Best Script for the same film. 

18. Medanta Gurugram ranks on Newsweek’s 2024 list of the ‘World’s Best Hospitals’ 

  • Medanta – The Medicity, Gurugram operated by Global Health Limited has once again been named as the best private hospital in India by the prestigious ‘Newsweek – World’s Best Hospitals 2024’ rankings. 
  • This is the fifth consecutive year that Medanta has achieved the status as the best private hospital in India. 
  • Medanta also remains the only private hospital from India to feature in the top 250 hospitals of the world. 
  • Newsweek, in collaboration with Statista Inc., examined data from 2,400 hospitals across 30 countries. The final rankings are based on feedback from over 85,000 medical experts as well as patient survey results and public data from post hospitalization satisfaction. 
  • Key metrics such as hygiene standards, patient-to-doctor ratios, as well as Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) have been used to ensure a holistic assessment of healthcare service quality on a global scale. 

Sports News 

19. Yuzvendra Chahal becomes first bowler with historic 200 IPL wickets 

  • Yuzvendra Chahal became the first bowler to pick up 200 wickets in the history of the Indian Premier League (IPL). 
  • The leg-spinner accomplished the milestone in RR’s match against Hardik Pandya’s MI at the Sawai Mansingh Stadium in Jaipur. 
  • Chahal has been an asset for the Royals since he joined them in the 2022 edition of the T20 league. 
  • In 2022, the veteran won the Purple Cap when RR finished as the runners-up after losing to Gujarat in the final at the Narendra Modi Stadium in Ahmedabad. 

Important day 

20. 24-30 April – World Immunization Week 

  • Every year for World Immunization Week, the last week of April (24-30 April), the global immunization community celebrates the lifesaving power of vaccines. 
  • The day also aims to promote the use of vaccines to protect people of all ages against disease. 
  • Theme 2024 – Humanly Possible 
  • In May 2012, the World Health Assembly, the body that makes decisions for the World Health Organization (WHO), approved World Immunisation Week. More than 180 nations took part in the inaugural World Immunisation Week, which was held in 2012. 

21. 24 April – National Panchayati Raj Day 

  • India celebrates National Panchayati Raj Day every year on 24 April. 
  • It marks the creation of the Panchayati Raj System, a way of governing that started in 1993 with the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act. 
  • This system gives power to local groups, called Gramme Panchayats, to run their areas and decide how they develop. 
  • The Panchayati Raj System is a big step for democracy, especially in rural places. It lets local groups make decisions about their communities. This makes democracy more active, with people taking part in choices that affect them directly. 

Why is Panchayati Raj important? 

  • Panchayati Raj is important because it brings democracy down to the village level. People who understand the local needs and challenges can make decisions about things like: 

  1. Building roads and schools 
  2. Providing clean water and sanitation 
  3. Managing healthcare facilities 

22. 24 April – International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace 

  • International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace is observed every year on 24 April. 
  • This day aims to promote the principles of multilateralism and diplomacy in resolving global challenges and conflicts.
  • The Day acknowledges the use of multilateral decision-making and diplomacy in achieving peaceful resolutions to conflicts among nations. 
  • The first International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace was celebrated on April 24, 2019. It was first proposed by the delegation of Azerbaijan to the United Nations in 2018 as a way to promote and reinforce the principles of multilateralism and diplomacy in international affairs.

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