Current Affairs | National | International | SSC | UPSC 4th June 2024

National News 

1. Centre launches new mobile Number Series for Service, Transactional Calls 

  • The Centre has introduced a new numbering series, 160xxxxxxx, for making service or transactional calls, to help citizens easily identify legitimate calls and curb unsolicited voice calls from telemarketers using 10-digit mobile numbers. 
  • Currently, 140xxxxxxx series has been allocated to telemarketers for making promotional/service/transactional voice calls. 
  • The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) said in a statement that since the 140xx series is being used extensively for promotional calls, “consumers normally do not respond to such calls, and many important service/transactional calls are missed”. 
  • This has resulted in the wide use of regular 10-digit numbers by genuine entities for making service/transactional calls. This also gave opportunity to fraudsters to deceive consumers using 10-digit numbers. 
  • This clear differentiation between service/transactional calls versus other types of calls will make it easier for citizens to manage their communication. 
  • For example, the service/transactional calls originating from Financial Entities like by RBI, SEBI, PFRDA, IRDA, etc shall start from 1601. 

2. Nokia, Gati Shakti Vishwavidyalaya sign MoU to research in 5G/ 6G communications 

  • Finnish telecom gearmaker Nokia has signed an agreement with the Gati Shakti Vishwavidyalaya (GSV) for carrying out joint research related to 5G/6G communications in the transportation and logistics sector.
  • Nokia and Gati Shakti Vishwavidyalaya, a university under the Ministry of Railways, will collaborate on research opportunities in 5G/6G communications targeting air, land and sea transportation use cases, as well as standards development, smart factory/ automation, and AI/GenAI labs. 
  • GSV, a central university, has been set up with an aim to provide multidisciplinary education, research, skilling, and executive education for transportation and logistics sectors. 

3. Zupee collaborates with Gurugram Cyber Police for Cyber Security awareness 

  • India’s largest skill-based Ludo platform, Zupee has partnered with Gurugram Cyber Police for the 11th edition of the Cyber Security Summer Internship Program, titled ‘Cyber Warriors’. 
  • The month-long internship aims to train selected candidates in cyber security under the guidance of experts, fostering responsible digital citizenship and tackling real-world cyber threats. 
  • 15,000 applications were received, with 1,100 interns selected, including working professionals and college students, to undergo immersive cyber security training. 

4. PV Sindhu becomes brand ambassador for Greenday’s ‘Better Nutrition’ 

  • Indian badminton star, two-time Olympic medalist, and World Champion PV Sindhu has announced her investment and brand ambassadorship with Greenday’s ‘Better Nutrition’ brand. 
  • This collaboration aims to combat micronutrient deficiencies in India through biofortified foods, enhancing both consumer health and farmer livelihoods. 
  • The company works closely with farmers, educating, empowering, and incentivising them to cultivate nutrient-dense crop varieties. 
  • These biofortified crops are enriched with essential micronutrients such as iron, zinc, pro-vitamin A, calcium and protein promoting holistic human growth and development. Farmers are rewarded with premium prices for their efforts in growing these nutrient-rich crops. 

Recent Brand Ambassador 

  • PV Sindhu – Tobacco Control 
  • Shah Rukh Khan – Muthoot Pappachan Group 
  • Kareena Kapoor Khan – UNICEF India National Ambassador 
  • MS Dhoni – French carmaker Citroen 
  • Sanjana Sanghi – SPACE India 
  • Neeraj Chopra – Eveready Batteries 

International News 

5. China's spacecraft made a historic landing on the far side of the Moon for the second time 

  • The Chinese unmanned spacecraft 'Chang'e-6' landed on the far side of the Moon, Chang'e-6 will attempt to become the first mission to collect samples from the far side of the Moon and take them back to Earth. 
  • The China National Space Administration (CNSA) said in a statement on its website that Chang'e-6 successfully landed in the South Pole-Aitken Basin on the back side of the Moon. The Chang'e-6 probe landed about a month after being launched by the Chinese Long March-5 rocket from the Wenchang Space Launch Center on the southern island of Hainan. 
  • This mission is China's second mission to the far side after the landing by the Chang'e-4 spacecraft in 2019. This is the second mission aimed at bringing back samples. The first was the Chang'e 5 mission in 2020, which collected samples from the near side of the Moon. 
  • The mission is part of the Chang'e Moon Exploration Program, named after the Chinese moon goddess. It is the sixth mission of the program.
  • The far side of the moon is often called the dark side because it cannot be seen from Earth. The moon is tidally locked with Earth, so we can only see one side of it. This visible side is known as the near side. 
  • China is the only country to have performed a soft landing on the far side of the moon. In 2019, its Chang'e-4 mission landed in this region and explored the moon's von Karman crater with the help of a rover. 
  • Overall, China has successfully soft landed twice on the far side of the moon, while no other country has done so even once. 
  • The landing site, which may contain water ice, a resource that can potentially be used to make oxygen and rocket fuel for longterm human habitation on the moon. The mission, launched on May 6, is expected to last about 53 days, the China National Space Administration said. 

China launches Pakistan's multimission communication satellite 

  • China launched the multi-mission communications satellite, also known as PAKSAT MM1, from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in China's southwestern province of Sichuan. 
  • PAKSAT MM1 is a multi-mission communication satellite for internet connectivity, making it Islamabad's second satellite to be sent into orbit within a month. 
  • Pakistan's mini satellite 'iCubeQamar' was launched from Hainan province as part of China's Chang'e-6 lunar mission. 

6. 21st Shangri La Dialogue held in Singapore 

  • The 21st edition of the Asia Pacific Premier Defense Meeting, Shangri La Dialogue or Asian Security Summit concluded in Singapore on June 2, 2024. The Shangri La Dialogue was held from 31 May to 2 June 2024 at the Shangri La Hotel in Singapore. 
  • It is always inaugurated by the United States Secretary of Defense. This year, United States Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin opened the keynote session. The Chinese Defense Minister always opens the next day's session. This year China was represented by its Defense Minister Admiral Dong Jun. 
  • Defense ministers of Indonesia, Maldives, France, South Korea and other countries also participated in this talk. The conference was also attended by President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky, President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos Jr. and President of Timor Leste Dr. Jose Horta. 
  • India was not represented this time. In 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi was the first Indian Prime Minister to address the Shangri-La Dialogue. 
  • The dialogue brings together security professionals, including defense ministers, senior officials and non-governmental stakeholders, to discuss the most pressing security challenges in the Asia-Pacific, engage in bilateral discussions and identify new approaches. 
  • It is organized by the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) in partnership with the Government of Singapore. The permanent venue of the meeting is the Shangri-La Hotel in Singapore. 
  • Shangri-La is a mythical location in James Hilton's novel Lost Paradise. It is based on the Tibetan mythical place Shambala. 

The Shangri-La Dialogue 

  • The Shangri-La Dialogue or Asian Security Summit is credited to British strategist Sir John Chipman. Sir Chipman was the head of the London-based think tank, the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS). 
  • He approached former Singapore Prime Minister Lee Koun Yew in the 1990s to create a forum for the region's Defence Minister to discuss issues related to the region's security and defence. 
  • The first Asian Security Summit, or Shangri-La Dialogue, was held in 2002. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the event was cancelled in 2020 and 2021. 

7. South Korea launches its first space agency 

  • South Korean President Yoon Sukyeol launched the country's first space agency, the Korea Aerospace Administration (KASA), and announced plans to land on Mars by 2045, launch the country's first lunar lander by 2032, and spend 100 trillion won ($72.6 billion) on space exploration. 
  • The new space agency's first administrator is Yoon Young-bin. The new agency, based in Sacheon, South Gyeongsang Province, has an annual budget of 758.9 billion won ($556 million). 
  • The Korea Aerospace Administration (KASA) will lead the country's "space economy," with hundreds of businesses and enterprises working to put South Korea among the world's top five space powers, Yoon said. 
  • Yun also mentioned four key roles for the agency, including setting national aviation policies, leading research and development initiatives while nurturing a skilled workforce, promoting industry growth, and strengthening international cooperation efforts. 
  • South Korea became the seventh country to own indigenous space launch vehicle and satellite development technology with the launch of the Nuri rocket in May last year, which put a commercial grade satellite into orbit. 
  • South Korea plans at least three more space launches by 2027 and plans to launch military satellites. 

State News 

8. Hyderabad becomes fullfledged capital of Telangana on June 2 

  • When the then undivided Andhra Pradesh was bifurcated on June 2, 2014, Hyderabad was made the shared capital for 10 years, which ends on June 2, 2024. 
  • The Andhra Pradesh government has agreed to vacate all buildings in its possession in Hyderabad except institutions listed under Schedule X and XII of the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014. 
  • The state of Telangana was created by the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act 2014 passed by Parliament under Article 3 of the Constitution. Section 5(2) of the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act 2014 provides that after this period a new capital will be established for Andhra Pradesh and Hyderabad will become the sole capital of Telangana. 
  • The Union Home Ministry appointed a committee headed by KC Sivaramakrishnan to "study options for a new capital for the state of Andhra Pradesh". 
  • The Andhra Pradesh government had in January sought permission from the Telangana government to retain three buildings - Hermitage Complex, CB-CID headquarters and Lake View Guest House - until the bifurcation issues between Telangana and Andhra Pradesh are resolved. 
  • Due to the election code of conduct, the Election Commission has barred the two governments from taking any decision on pending bifurcation issues. 
  • In 2019, the Jagan Mohan Reddy government in Andhra Pradesh declared Amaravati as the capital of its reorganised state. Visakhapatnam was proposed as the executive capital of Andhra Pradesh, and Kurnool as the judicial capital. 
  • Telangana State Formation Day is celebrated on June 2. On June 2, 2014, Telangana officially became the 29th state of India. 

9. Bank of Maharashtra launches ‘Maha Krishi Samridhi Yojana’ 

  • Bank of Maharashtra has launched Maha Krishi Samridhi Yojana (MKSY) which provides financial assistance for development of agriinfrastructure projects and agriculture infrastructure facilities involved in food and agro-based industries, processing activities. 
  • Under MKSY, loans can be provided for new projects/expansion of existing units, i.e. for acquisition or construction of land & building, plant & machinery etc., on project cost basis. 
  • The scheme adopts a cluster based approach on an all India basis for providing finance to borrower units by providing a wide range of fund based and non-fund based credit facilities such as term loans, working capital facilities, export credit such as pre-shipment and post-shipment facilities, bill purchase, bill discounting, letter of credit (LC) and bank guarantee (BG), with a maximum credit limit of up to Rs. 100.00 crore. 
  • Under the Scheme, for term loans and working capital limits, the Bank provides finance at low margins on a project to project basis. For all accounts with total exposure exceeding Rs.25.00 lakhs, internal credit rating is done by the Bank, and for all loan accounts with total exposure exceeding Rs.25.00 crores, external credit rating is mandatory, with minimum credit risk rating of “BBB”. 
  • Under the Scheme, the repayment period for term loans is up to 10 years, including a moratorium period decided based on the investment objective, economic life of the assets and cash flows from the business. 
  • The unique features of MKSY include its cluster-based approach, which is aligned with the One District One Product (ODOP) initiative by the Ministry of Food Processing Industries, Government of India. 

Appointment News

10. Claudia Sheinbaum makes history as Mexico's first woman President 

  • Claudia Sheinbaum will become the first woman President in Mexico's 200-year history. 
  • Ms. Sheinbaum, the favored successor of outgoing President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, vowed to continue in the direction set by the populist leftist leader. But the cool-tempered scientist offers a sharp contrast in style and a break with Mexico's male-dominated political culture. 
  • "I promise that I am not going to let you down," Ms. Sheinbaum said, greeting supporters in Mexico City's colonial-era main plaza, the Zocalo. 
  • The National Electoral Institute's president said Ms. Sheinbaum had between 58.3% and 60.7% of the vote, while opposition candidate Xóchitl Gálvez had between 26.6% and 28.6% and Jorge Álvarez Máynez had between 9.9% and 10.8% of the vote. Ms. Sheinbaum's Morena party was also projected to hold its majorities in both chambers of Congress. 
  • The climate scientist and former Mexico City Mayor said her two competitors had called her and conceded her victory. 
  • The official preliminary count put Ms. Sheinbaum 28 points ahead of Ms. Gál- vez with nearly 50% of polling places reporting. 
  • "As I have said on other occasions, I do not arrive alone," Ms. Sheinbaum said shortly after her victory was confirmed. "We all arrived, with our heroines who gave us our home land, with our mothers, our daughters and our granddaughters." 
  • Ms. Sheinbaum will also be the first person from a Jewish background to lead the overwhelmingly Catholic country. She will start her six-year term October 1. Mexico's Constitution does not allow re-election. 
  • The Leftist has said she believes the government has a strong role to play in addressing economic in- equality and providing a sturdy social safety net, much like her political mentor. Mr. López Obra- dor's anointed successor, the 61-year-old Ms. Shein- baum consistently led in the polls despite a spirited challenge from Ms. Gálvez. This was the first time in Mexico that the two main opponents were women. 

11. Helen Mary becomes first woman brigadier in Pakistan Army from minority community 

  • Dr Helen Mary Roberts, serving in the Pakistan Army Medical Corps, has made history by becoming the first woman from Christian and minority community to achieve the rank of brigadier in the Muslim-majority country. 
  • Brigadier Helen was among Pakistan Army officers promoted as brigadiers and full colonels by the Selection Board. 
  • Brigadier Dr. Helen is senior pathologist and has been serving in the Pakistan Army for the last 26 years. 
  • According to data released by the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics in 2021, there are 96.47 per cent Muslims in the country, followed by 2.14 per cent Hindus, 1.27 per cent Christians, 0.09 per cent Ahmadi Muslims and 0.02 per cent others. 

12. Sushil Kr Singh named Chairperson of Deendayal Port Authority 

  • The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) has approved the appointment of Sushil Kumar Singh (IRSME) as Chairperson of Deendayal Port Authority, Kandla under the Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways. 
  • Singh has been appointed as Chairman of Deendayal Port Authority in place of SK Mehta (IFoS) with effect from the date of assumption of charge of the post, for an overall tenure up to the date of his superannuation on January 31, 2027 or until further orders, whichever is earlier. 
  • Singh is an Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineering (IRSME) officer of 1993-batch. 

Recent Appointment 

  • Chairman of Staff Selection Commission (SSC) – Rakesh Ranjan 
  • CEO of Sony India – Gaurav Banerjee (replace NP Singh) 
  • Chairperson of Committee A Of 77TH WHA Event – Apurva Chandra 
  • Chairman of DRDO – Samir V. Kamat (one year extension) 
  • Chairman of NAFED – Jetha Ahir 

Sports News

13. Real Madrid’s Historic 15th Champions League Title 

  • Real Madrid etched their name in the history books once again by securing a record-extending 15th UEFA Champions League title. 
  • The Spanish giants showcased their trademark resilience and clinical edge, overcoming a valiant Borussia Dortmund side with a 2-0 victory. 
  • With this triumph, Real Madrid extended their remarkable run of success in Europe, securing their sixth Champions League title in 11 seasons. 
  • This feat matches the legendary team that initiated Real’s love affair with the European Cup, having won the first five editions from 1956 and another in 1966. 

14. Nayana James win gold medal in long jump at Taiwan Athletics Open 2024 

  • Indian athlete Nayana James clinched the gold medal in the women’s long jump event at the Taiwan Athletics Open 2024 in Chinese Taipei. 
  • An Asian Athletics Championships bronze medallist, Nayana recorded a distance of 6.43m for the top step on the podium in rainy conditions at the Taipei Municipal Stadium. 
  • Nayana beat Japan’s Sumire Hata, the reigning Asian champion, for the gold medal. Hata won the silver with a best effort of 6.37m while Yu Jeongmi of the Republic of Korea settled for bronze with 6.14m. 
  • This is the fourth podium of the season for Nayana who won the Indian Open Jumps Competition in March with a personal best of 6.67m and the Federation Cup last month. Nayana also won the silver medal at the Indian Grand Prix-1 in Bengaluru in April. 

15. ICC announces ‘Highest Ever’ Prize Money for T20 World Cup 2024 

  • The International Cricket Council has announced a record prize purse of USD 11.25 million (approx INR 93.5 crore) for the 2024 T20 World Cup with the winners pocketing at least USD 2.45 million (approx INR 20.36 crore). 
  • The runners-up will receive at least USD 1.28 million (Rs 10.36 crore), while the losing semi-finalists walk away with USD 787,500 each. 
  • The previous edition in 2022 had a total prize pool of USD 5.6 million with winners England receiving USD 1.6 million. 
  • The four teams that fail to make it out of the Super 8s will earn USD 382,500 each, while the teams placed ninth, 10th, 11th and 12th receive USD 247,500 each. Participants who finish 13th to 20th place will return $225,000 each. 

About International Cricket Council (ICC) 

  • Formation – 15 June 1909 
  • Headquarters – Dubai, UAE 
  • Chairman – Greg Barclay (New Zealand) 
  • Deputy Chairman – Imran Khwaja (Singapore) 
  • CEO – Geoff Allardice (Australia) 
  • General Manager – Wasim Khan 
  • Membership – 108 members 

Important day 

16. 2 June – International Sex Workers’ Day 

  • International Sex Workers Day is commemorated on June 2 every year. This day is observed to honour the sex workers and recognise the hardships they go through. 
  • The International Sex Workers’ Day, advocates for improved working conditions and respect for sex workers. 
  • On June 2, 1975, hundreds of sex workers occupied the Saint-Nazier church in Lyon, France to protest against the harassment by the police, fines levied by the law enforcement and to press them to investigate the murders and exploitation of sex workers. 
  • The workers banded together to protest for a period of 10 days. However, it was cut short by two days when the protestors were forcibly and violently removed by the police. 

4 June – International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression 

  • International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression is observed on June 4 every year. 
  • Objective – To raise awareness about the innocent children who went through terrorizing experiences in their lives and what we can do to uphold the rights of children and the victims of aggression. 
  • On August 19, 1982, the UN General Assembly’s special session focused on the plight that Palestinian and Lebanese children faced due to Israeli aggression during the Lebanon war. 
  • The assembly further pledged to protect the rights of the children in Lebanon. The UN General Assembly announced that every year, on June 4, International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression will be observed. 

Ranks & Reports News 

17. Gautam Adani becomes Asia's richest person again 

  • Gautam Adani, founder and chairman of Adani Group, has overtaken Reliance Industries Chairman Mukesh Ambani to become Asia's richest person, according to a report by the Bloomberg Billionaires Index. 
  • As of June 2, 2024, on the Bloomberg Billionaires Index list of the world’s top 50 richest people, Gautam Adani is ranked 11th with a net worth of $111 billion, while Mukesh Ambani is ranked 12th with a net worth of $109 billion. 
  • The Adani Group’s valuation has soared after its stock rose 14% on May 31 following a positive outlook from US brokerage firm Jefferies. The firm expressed optimism about the $90 billion capital expenditure planned by the group over the next decade. 
  • As a result, the combined market capitalisation of the Adani Group’s 10 listed firms rose by a staggering Rs 84,064 crore to reach a remarkable Rs 17.51 lakh crore at the close of trading. 
  • He briefly claimed the title of Asia’s richest person in 2022. In January 2023, his group suffered a significant setback with a massive $150 billion drop in share prices following a report by prominent short-seller Hindenburg Research. 
  • Other Indians - Shapoor Mistry is ranked 44th with a net worth of $36.1 billion, and Savitri Jindal is ranked 49th with a net worth of $32.6 billion. 

Top 5 Richest People in the World- (As of June 2, 2024) 

  1. Bernard Arnault, CEO of LVMH- the world's largest luxury goods company, with a net worth of $207 billion. 
  2. Elon Musk is the founder-chairmanCEO and CTO of SpaceX; angel investor, CEO, product architect and former president of Tesla Inc. His current net worth is $203 billion. 
  3. Jeff Bezos is the founder, executive chairman and former chairman and CEO of Amazon. His net worth is $199 billion. 
  4. Mark Zuckerberg is the co-founder and CEO of Facebook. His current net worth is $166 billion. 
  5. Former Google CEO Larry Page's net worth is $153 billion. 

18.Twelve countries sign European Space Agency's 'Zero Debris Charter' 

  • Twelve countries have signed the Zero Debris Charter of the European Space Agency (ESA)/EU Space Council, reinforcing their commitment to the long-term sustainability of human activities in Earth orbit. 
  • Apart from the 12 countries, the European Space Agency has also signed the Zero Debris Charter as an international organization (IGO). The Zero Debris Charter, presented at the ESA Space Summit in Seville, Spain in November 2023, aims to achieve Debris-Neutrality by 2030. 
  • The Zero Debris Charter is brought to you by ESA’s Protection of Space Assets Accelerator and was developed by 40 global space actors. 
  • Any organisation committed to advancing space safety and sustainability can sign the Charter and join the Zero Debris Community without the need for approval from existing partners.
  • Recently, Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Germany, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the European Space Agency have pledged to abide by the Zero Debris Charter, and more than 100 organisations are expected to join in the near future. 
  • The objectives include reducing the risk of satellite debris from a collision or break-up to no more than 1 in 1,000 and the risk of accidents on the ground caused by re-entering satellite debris to “well” less than 1 in 10,000. 
  • It urges operators to remove satellites from low Earth orbit and the geostationary belt at the end of their lives in a “timely” manner, with at least a 99% probability of success, but does not specify how quickly satellites should be deorbited. 

Science & Technology News 

19. ICMR seeks to provide oral formulation of hydroxyurea to treat sickle cell disease

  •  The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has invited Expressions of Interest (Eol) from eligible organizations for the "joint development and commercialisation" of a low dose or pediatric oral formula- tion of hydroxyurea to treat sickle cell disease in India.
  • India has the highest prevalence of sickle cell disease in South Asia. Over 20 million people with the disease live in the country. While most pharmaceutical companies in India market 500-mg capsules or 200-mg tablets of hydroxyurea, the biggest challenge in treatment is that it is not available in the suspension form for effective use in the case of paediatric patients, the ICMR said. 
  • Sickle cell disease is one of the most common monogenic disorders of hemoglobin, and hydroxyurea, a myelosuppressive agent, is an effective drug for treating patients of sickle cell disease, and thalassemia. 
  • Risk of low dose The ICMR said that since only high-dose hydroxyurea tablets are available, initiating a low-dose treatment becomes a tedious task for service providers, as the capsule or tablet has to be broken down appropriately to be administered in accordance with body weight, risking the efficacy available with measured doses. 
  • "Thus, there is a need for pediatric formulation of HU (hydroxyurea), considering the number of SCD cases in India and in view of the launch of the National Mission to eliminate Sickle Cell Anaemia/ SCD (by 2047)," it said. 
  • The ICMR, which is the apex biomedical research body in the country, also said that in India, according to the National Health Mission's guidelines, healthcare providers in itiate hydroxyurea therapy to only symptomatic sickle cell disease patients among children both because of the lack of availability of pediatric doses as well as the fear of toxicity. 
  • In children, the prescribed dose is 10 mg to 15 mg per kilogram of body weight after two years of age. This titration of dose is difficult, and currently, it is carried out by using a fraction of the broken capsules, which is not an appropriate method because it can lead to less accurate administration of the drug, which has five dose-related side-effects. 
  • Titration of drug With the availability of a formulation, the titration of the drug can be better, and its dose-related side effects can be reduced. 
  • The council said that it could enter into any form of exclusive or non-exclusive agreement with eligible manufacturing companies for joint development and commercialization of pediatric oral formulations of hydroxyurea for sickle cell disease. 

Miscellaneous News 

20. Former BrahMos engineer gets life term for leaking data to ISI 

  • The Nagpur district court on Monday sentenced former BrahMos Aerospace engineer Nishant Agarwal to life imprisonment under the Official Secrets Act for leaking sensitive information to the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), the intelligence agency of Pakistan. 
  • He will also have to undergo 14 years of rigorous imprisonment and pay a penalty of ₹3,000. 
  • Additional Sessions Court judge M.V. Deshpande said in the order that Agarwal was convicted under Section 235 of the Criminal Procedure Code for an offense punishable under Section 66 (f) of the IT Act and various Sections of the Official Secrets Act (OSA). "The court sentenced Agarwal to life imprisonment and RI for 14 years under the Official Secrets Act and fined him ₹3,000," special public prosecutor Jyoti Vajani said. 
  • Agarwal was employed in the technical research section of the company responsible for producing the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile for four years. He was arrested from his residence in Nagpur in 2018 in a joint operation by the anti-terror teams of Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.

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